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ELECTRIC CARS
« on: March 09, 2016, 08:09:46 PM »




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不妙?電池科技發展慢、2020年電動車成本仍貴20%
回應(0) 人氣(483) 收藏(0) 2016/03/09 16:15
MoneyDJ新聞 2016-03-09 16:15:48 記者 陳苓 報導
電動車被視為未來趨勢,不少人在問,電動車什麼時候能不靠政府補助和汽油車一較高下?野村證券(Nomura Securities)對此不太樂觀,預估到了2020年,平價電動車的成本可能仍比汽油車高出20%。
巴倫(Barronˋs)9日報導,野村分析,電動車和汽油車的生產成本其實差不多,最大差距在於動力系統(powertrain),電動車這部份的成本較高。野村估計,汽油車的引擎和變速箱只佔總原料成本的36%,電動車的電池和電動馬達則佔總原料成本的53%。
野村表示,改進電池技術,電動車才會變便宜。該行的Leping Huang指出,假如未來幾年,電池成本每年減少10%,就算計入稅務優惠,2020年大眾車款的電動車仍比一般平價汽油車貴上20%。豪華電動車情況較佳,計入稅務優惠,2019年豪華電動車的成本,或許能和汽油車打平。野村結論是電動車的電池科技需要突破性創新,帶動成本驟降,否則難以迅速普及。

Wyatt Investment Research 8日報告也對電動車有所疑慮,該報告質疑Bloomberg New Energy Finance(BNEF)的樂觀預估。BNEF認為,電池成本大減,電動車製造成本將會遽降,速度比想像更快。BNEF說,2010年以來鋰電池成本已經減少65%,當前每千瓦小時的電池成本為350美元,2030年會降至120美元以下。電動車價格會一路下滑,到了2020年代中期,電動車會比一般汽車更經濟實惠。
不過Wyatt Investment對此態度保留,強調電動車充電設施少,要是未能改善,恐怕難有發展。此外,要是油價持續低迷,電動車也不易普及。另外,多數國家的電動車補助將在2020年後逐步取消,屆時電池成本要是未能大幅降低,BNEF的預估難以成真。
或許正是如此,空軍盯上特斯拉,該公司32.5%流通股遭到做空。MoneyDJ新聞2日報導,知名放空機構香櫞研究(Citron Research)炮口轉向特斯拉,1日透過Twitter聲稱特斯拉供需出狀況、將使其股價在今年底下探100美元。Citron還指出,消息面看來對股價相當不利。
其實,特斯拉2月中公布第4季財報前,Model X休旅車的產能問題、低油價恐衝擊電動車銷售量等疑慮,就不斷壓抑公司股價。
*編者按:本文僅供參考之用,並不構成要約、招攬或邀請、誘使、任何不論種類或形式之申述或訂立任何建議及推薦,讀者務請運用個人獨立思考能力,自行作出投資決定,如因相關建議招致損失,概與《精實財經媒體》、編者及作者無涉


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ELECTRIC CARS
« on: March 09, 2016, 08:09:46 PM »

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #1 on: March 09, 2016, 08:20:03 PM »



BMW To Phase Out Combustion Engines When? 10 Years, Analyst Claims
 John Voelcker
126 Comments10,347 viewsNov 26, 2014Follow John
Grille - 2014 BMW ~ 4-door HBGrille - 2014 BMW ~ 4-door HB
It's a vision that seems like something from a future century: a carmaker preparing to phase out combustion engines altogether.

The notion that an entire brand could walk away from the hydrocarbon-fueled engines that power more than 1 billion vehicles on our roads--and have done since 1885--is inconceivable.

And yet that's what one industry analyst suggests famed German luxury maker BMW is preparing to do.

2014 BMW ~ and 2014 Tesla Model S [photo: Tom Moloughney]2014 BMW ~ and 2014 Tesla Model S [photo: Tom Moloughney]
Tesla investor

Ron Baron manages mutual funds at Baron Capital; his funds have roughly $250 million invested in Tesla Motors, he told CNBC's "Squawk Box" program three weeks ago.

Baron notes the automotive history that led to a century of gasoline dominance, with gasoline being much cheaper than electricity--a ratio that's now entirely reversed.

DON'T MISS: 2014 BMW ~: What A Tesla Driver Thinks Of New Electric BMW

He then suggests that established automakers don't want electric cars because their existing engine and transmission plants would become "stranded" compared to electric-car plants.

He also says unions don't want electric cars, because they require fewer people to build them, hence fewer jobs.

2013 Tesla Model S and 2014 BMW ~, Hudson Valley, NY, Nov 20142013 Tesla Model S and 2014 BMW ~, Hudson Valley, NY, Nov 2014
And dealers don't want them, Baron suggests, largely because Tesla sells direct to consumers and because there's much less service revenue on the back end.

No more engines

All of those points are eminently debatable. But that's not the most radical thing Baron has said about electric cars.

He wrote in the September 30 edition of his quarterly newsletter to shareholders:

While many car companies doubt electric cars will ultimately represent a large portion of new car sales, BMW is not one of those companies.

Two of our research analysts recently visited BMW’s headquarters in Munich, as well as its electric vehicle and carbon fiber assembly plants in Leipzig, Germany, and its battery pack assembly plant and research facility in Dingolfing, Germany.

The BMW financial team believes a revolution in drive train is underway. We believe that BMW will likely phase out internal combustion engines over the next 10 years!

We're inclined to suspect this assessment may be based on either lack of context or the most optimistic of projections.

The notion that BMW will build its very last gasoline or diesel engine around 2024 seems to ignore certain realities.

BMW 5-Series in ChinaBMW 5-Series in China
Reality may differ

Among them, many developing countries don't remotely have the electric infrastructure to support adoption of either plug-in electric or hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles.

While BMW's luxury products appeal to a country's most affluent buyers, the example of China shows that electric-car charging remains a massive challenge for wealthy buyers living in apartment buildings--the majority of the urban housing in that country.

ALSO SEE: How Much And How Fast Will Electric-Car Battery Costs Fall?

And hydrogen is far more challenging to distribute than gasoline or diesel, given the high compression required.

That said, it's entirely possible that BMW might be well along the way to selling substantial numbers of cars without engines in some of its North American and European markets by then.

Tesla Model S lithium-ion battery pack in rolling chassis [photo: Martin Gillet via Flickr]Tesla Model S lithium-ion battery pack in rolling chassis [photo: Martin Gillet via Flickr]
Cheaper cells a tipping point?

By 2025, lithium-ion cells will cost roughly one-third what they did in 2011, when the first electric cars launched.

With higher and higher costs required to make combustion-engined cars meet increasingly lower carbon-emission standards worldwide, it's possible that the "tipping point" for electric cars could come around then.

But with only hundreds of thousands of zero-emission vehicles on the world's roads today--in a vehicle population of 1 billion-plus--it's hard to imagine the death of gasoline engines just a decade away.

Smog in Hong Kong [Image by Flickr user inkelv1122]Smog in Hong Kong [Image by Flickr user inkelv1122]
Still, for those who care about air pollution, climate change, and energy security, the demise of the combustion engine can only be an alluring vision.

Even if it may not come quite as quickly as one Wall Street analyst seems to think it may.

[hat tip: Tom Moloughney]

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #2 on: March 09, 2016, 08:21:55 PM »



Another Oil Crash Is Coming, and There May Be No Recovery
Superior electric cars are on their way, and they could begin to wreck oil markets within a decade.
 Tom Randall
 tsrandall
February 24, 2016 — 5:45 PM MYT
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The Peak Oil Myth and the Rise of the Electric Car

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It’s time for oil investors to start taking electric cars seriously.
In the next two years, Tesla and Chevy plan to start selling electric cars with a range of more than 200 miles priced in the $30,000 range. Ford is investing billions, Volkswagen is investing billions, and Nissan and BMW are investing billions. Nearly every major carmaker—as well as Apple and Google—is working on the next generation of plug-in cars.
This is a problem for oil markets. OPEC still contends that electric vehicles will make up just 1 percent of global car sales in 2040. Exxon's forecast is similarly dismissive.
QUICKTAKE
Oil Prices
The oil price crash that started in 2014 was caused by a glut of unwanted oil, as producers started cranking out about 2 million barrels a day more than the market supported. Nobody saw it coming, despite the massively expanding oil fields across North America. The question is: How soon could electric vehicles trigger a similar oil glut by reducing demand by the same 2 million barrels?
That's the subject of the first installment of Bloomberg’s new animated web series Sooner Than You Think, which examines some of the biggest transformations in human history that haven’t happened quite yet. On Thursday, analysts at Bloomberg New Energy Finance weighed in with a comprehensive analysis of where the electric car industry is headed.
Even amid low gasoline prices last year, electric car sales jumped 60 percent worldwide. If that level of growth continues, the crash-triggering benchmark of 2 million barrels of reduced demand could come as early as 2023. That's a crisis. The timing of new technologies is difficult to predict, but it may not be long before it becomes impossible to ignore.
Read the deep dive: Here's How Electric Cars Will Cause the Next Oil Crisis
Before it's here, it's on the Bloomberg Terminal.
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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #3 on: March 09, 2016, 08:27:16 PM »



Here’s How Electric Cars Will Cause the Next Oil Crisis
A shift is under way that will lead to widespread adoption of EVs in the next decade.
By Tom Randall | Feb. 25, 2016
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With all good technologies, there comes a time when buying the alternative no longer makes sense. Think smartphones in the past decade, color TVs in the 1970s, or even gasoline cars in the early 20th century. Predicting the timing of these shifts is difficult, but when it happens, the whole world changes.

It’s looking like the 2020s will be the decade of the electric car.

Battery prices fell 35 percent last year and are on a trajectory to make unsubsidized electric vehicles as affordable as their gasoline counterparts in the next six years, according to a new analysis of the electric-vehicle market by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF). That will be the start of a real mass-market liftoff for electric cars.

By 2040, long-range electric cars will cost less than $22,000 (in today’s dollars), according to the projections. Thirty-five percent of new cars worldwide will have a plug.

Chart: Rise of Electric Cars
This isn’t something oil markets are planning for, and it’s easy to see why. Plug-in cars make up just one-tenth of 1 percent of the global car market today. They’re a rarity on the streets of most countries and still cost significantly more than similar gasoline burners. OPEC maintains that electric vehicles (EVs) will make up just 1 percent of cars in 2040. Last year ConocoPhillips Chief Executive Officer Ryan Lance told me EVs won’t have a material impact for another 50 years—probably not in his lifetime.

But here’s what we know: In the next few years, Tesla, Chevy, and Nissan plan to start selling long-range electric cars in the $30,000 range. Other carmakers and tech companies are investing billions on dozens of new models. By 2020, some of these will cost less and perform better than their gasoline counterparts. The aim would be to match the success of Tesla’s Model S, which now outsells its competitors in the large luxury class in the U.S. The question then is how much oil demand will these cars displace? And when will the reduced demand be enough to tip the scales and cause the next oil crisis?

GIF: The S curve goes vertical
First we need an estimate for how quickly sales will grow.

Last year EV sales grew by about 60 percent worldwide. That’s an interesting number, because it’s also roughly the annual growth rate that Tesla forecasts for sales through 2020, and it’s the same growth rate that helped the Ford Model T cruise past the horse and buggy in the 1910s. For comparison, solar panels are following a similar curve at around 50 percent growth each year, while LED light-bulb sales are soaring by about 140 percent each year.

Yesterday, on the first episode of Bloomberg’s new animated series Sooner Than You Think, we calculated the effect of continued 60 percent growth. We found that electric vehicles could displace oil demand of 2 million barrels a day as early as 2023. That would create a glut of oil equivalent to what triggered the 2014 oil crisis.

Compound annual growth rates as high as 60 percent can’t hold up for long, so it’s a very aggressive forecast. BNEF takes a more methodical approach in its analysis today, breaking down electric vehicles to their component costs to forecast when prices will drop enough to lure the average car buyer. Using BNEF’s model, we’ll cross the oil-crash benchmark of 2 million barrels a few years later—in 2028.

Chart: Predicting the Big Crash
Predictions like these are tricky at best. The best one can hope for is to be more accurate than conventional wisdom, which in the oil industry is for little interest in electric cars going forward.

“If you look at reports like what OPEC puts out, what Exxon puts out, they put adoption at like 2 percent,” said Salim Morsy, BNEF analyst and author of today’s EV report. “Whether the end number by 2040 is 25 percent or 50 percent, it frankly doesn’t matter as much as making the binary call that there will be mass adoption.”

BNEF’s analysis focuses on the total cost of ownership of electric vehicles, including things like maintenance, gasoline costs, and—most important—the cost of batteries.

Batteries account for a third of the cost of building an electric car. For EVs to achieve widespread adoption, one of four things must happen:

1. Governments must offer incentives to lower the costs.
2. Manufacturers must accept extremely low profit margins.
3. Customers must be willing to pay more to drive electric.
4. The cost of batteries must come down.

The first three things are happening now in the early-adopter days of electric vehicles, but they can’t be sustained. Fortunately, the cost of batteries is headed in the right direction.

Chart: It's All About the Batteries
There’s another side to this EV equation: Where will all this electricity come from? By 2040, electric cars will draw 1,900 terawatt-hours of electricity, according to BNEF. That’s equivalent to 10 percent of humanity’s electricity produced last year.

The good news is electricity is getting cleaner. Since 2013, the world has been adding more electricity-generating capacity from wind and solar than from coal, natural gas, and oil combined. Electric cars will reduce the cost of battery storage and help store intermittent sun and wind power. In the move toward a cleaner grid, electric vehicles and renewable power create a mutually beneficial circle of demand.

And what about all the lithium and other finite materials used in the batteries? BNEF analyzed those markets as well, and found they’re just not an issue. Through 2030, battery packs will require less than 1 percent of the known reserves of lithium, nickel, manganese, and copper. They’ll require 4 percent of the world’s cobalt. After 2030, new battery chemistries will probably shift to other source materials, making packs lighter, smaller, and cheaper.

Video: The Peak Oil Myth and the Rise of the Electric Car
Watch the video: The Peak Oil Myth and the Rise of the Electric Car
Despite all this, there’s still reason for oil markets to be skeptical. Manufacturers need to actually follow through on bringing down the price of electric cars, and there aren’t yet enough fast-charging stations for convenient long-distance travel. Many new drivers in China and India will continue to choose gasoline and diesel. Rising oil demand from developing countries could outweigh the impact of electric cars, especially if crude prices fall to $20 a barrel and stay there.

The other unknown that BNEF considers is the rise of autonomous cars and ride-sharing services like Uber and Lyft, which would all put more cars on the road that drive more than 20,000 miles a year. The more miles a car drives, the more economical battery packs become. If these new services are successful, they could boost electric-vehicle market share to 50 percent of new cars by 2040, according to BNEF.

One thing is certain: Whenever the oil crash comes, it will be only the beginning. Every year that follows will bring more electric cars to the road, and less demand for oil. Someone will be left holding the barrel.

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #4 on: March 10, 2016, 05:52:50 AM »



Rise of affordable electric vehicles concerns oil industry (VIDEO)
Published: February 27, 2016 12:14 PM GMT+8

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NEW YORK, Feb 27 ― It’s looking like the 2020s will be the decade of the electric car. Battery prices fell 35 per cent last year and are on a trajectory to make unsubsidised electric vehicles as affordable as their gasoline counterparts in the next six years, according to a new analysis of the electric-vehicle market by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF).

That will be the start of a real mass-market liftoff for electric cars. Bloomberg's Tom Randall reports on “Bloomberg West.” ― Bloomberg

- See more at: http://m.themalaymailonline.com/money/article/rise-of-affordable-electric-vehicles-concerns-oil-industry-video#sthash.ESAESrWM.dpuf

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #5 on: March 12, 2016, 08:55:37 AM »



本田發售氫燃料電池車‧3分鐘充氣行駛700公里
2016-03-11 12:09     

 
(日本‧東京11日訊)日本本田汽車週四發售了氫動力燃料電池車“CLARITY FUEL CELL”,是繼豐田“MIRAI”之後又一款投放市場的燃料電池車。
越來越多人期待這種汽車加快普及。燃料電池車因行駛過程不排放二氧化碳,被譽為“終極環保汽車”。不過,燃料電池車依然面對售價高昂和氫氣站不夠完善等諸多挑戰。
據共同網報道,本田CLARITY出售給租賃企業的​​標準價格為766萬日元(約9萬3000新元),豐田MIRAI面向普通市場的售價約為723萬日元(約8萬8000新元)。即使使用國家補貼,它們的價格仍比同等級別的汽油車高。
CLARITY和MIRAI補充一次氫氣可行駛約700公里,僅三分鐘左右就可充滿氫氣,便利程度堪比汽油車。
目前氫氣站多設置於城市地區,完善氫氣站建設是燃料電池車能否普及化的關鍵所在。
本田的計劃產量起初是年產約200輛,但可能在2017年啟動面向普通市場銷售而增加產量。豐田準備把把產量從2015年的300輛,增加到2017年的3000輛。
(聯合早報網)(星洲網)


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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #6 on: March 16, 2016, 05:56:56 PM »


BMW CEO’s strategy puts focus on electric, luxury vehicles
By Bloomberg / Bloomberg   | March 16, 2016 : 5:24 PM MYT   
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MUNICH (March 16): BMW AG plans to roll out more electric cars and add self-driving features faster than rivals to help fend off growing threats to its status as the world’s biggest maker of luxury vehicles.

The German carmaker will also roll out more sport-utility vehicles including the full-sized X7 as well as more versions of high-end models like the 7-Series sedan, the Munich-based company said Wednesday in a statement. The two-pronged approach is the centerpiece of a strategy review by Chief Executive Officer Harald Krueger and is aimed at maintaining pre-tax profit margins at a minimum of 10% through 2020.

A decade after taking the top spot in the global luxury-car market, BMW is at a crossroads. Years of rolling out new models ranging from coupe-like sport utility vehicles to seven-seat wagons have left the company with few niches that could spur growth. Rival Daimler AG has a chance to reclaim the crown as early as this year after catching up to BMW with a slew of new models and upgrades of its bestsellers.

“We need to manage our current business to perfection, while continuing to grow in a targeted fashion, in order to secure the necessary investment,” Krueger said in the statement.

BMW rose as much as 2.32 euros, or 2.9%, to 81.88 euros, and traded at 81.68 euros at 10:14 a.m. in Frankfurt. The stock has lost 17% this year, compared with 13% decline at Daimler in the period.

The carmaker’s last major strategic shift was in 2007, when then-CEO Norbert Reithofer pushed the sporty brand to invest billions to reduce fuel consumption, produce its first electric vehicle and pioneer the mass production of carbon fiber. Krueger said Thursday that he’ll add open-top versions of the I8 plug-in, while also broadening the range of cars that come with the optional M-high-performance packages.

Unlike rivals Mercedes-Benz and Audi, the owner of the BMW, Rolls-Royce and Mini brands isn’t part of a broader group, meaning it has to absorb the costs of developing these new technologies on the strength of its current offering. Growth though is slowing as Daimler AG’s Mercedes and Volkswagen AG’s Audi push for the No. 1 spot, and brands including Maserati, Jaguar and Alfa Romeo expand to give luxury-car buyers more options.

“There’s not much they can do in terms of adding more products,” Dominic O’Brien, a London-based analyst with Exane BNP Paribas, said before BMW released the strategy report. “The three key themes of emissions reduction, connected cars and autonomous driving will keep spending on research and development at an elevated level.”

BMW predicted another year of record sales volumes, revenue and earnings, while group earnings will rise only slightly this year, compared with a forecast of solid growth last year. Revenue from the automaking segment will grow slightly, the company said, compared with a significant increase last year. BMW’s focus on conserving its resources was evident in its decision to refrain from an expected special payout for investors this year, as the company celebrates its 100th anniversary.

In addition to battling its traditional rivals, BMW also faces the emergence of new competitors like Tesla Motors Inc and potentially Apple Inc. The German carmaker outlined its view of future luxury autos last week when it presented a concept vehicle where the steering wheel and center console retract, enabling the driver to turn to face the front passenger.

“We need to act swiftly in the digital world and be prepared to take risks,” said Krueger.

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #7 on: March 21, 2016, 02:12:02 PM »



THE RACE IS ON FOR ASIA’S ELECTRIC CAR
Our Reporter | March 21, 2016
images
With Singapore’s Land Transport Authority and vehicle inspection and testing firm Vicom Ltd still struggling with the process of testing certain electric cars, Malaysia is rushing to set itself up as a hub for electric cars in Southeast Asia.

The world’s second largest electric vehicle manufacturer, Beijing Auto International Cooperation (BAIC), is building a new electric vehicle production plant in Malaysia.

The plant is expected to start operations this year and can produce up to 3,000 electric vehicles a year.

If Malaysia does indeed become an electric vehicle hub in Southeast Asia, what are the companies that might be the well positioned for the opportunity?

If we think about the power source, most vehicles today run on the internal combustion engine, which depend on petrol and/or diesel for fuel.

But, if electric vehicles start gaining popularity within Malaysia, the source to power these vehicles would move to the national grid.

Instead of going to petrol stations to refuel, drivers would be charging up their cars from their homes or charging stations – the electricity needed is likely to come from the national grid.

According to a 2010 report, the transportation sector in Malaysia had accounted for 40 per cent of the total demand for energy in Malaysia.

Another 50 per cent came from the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors, which mainly get their energy from the national grid.

This means that if all vehicles in Malaysia would be powered by electricity, the demand for energy from the national grid has the potential to double.

Given the dominance of Tenaga Nasional in the energy sector in Malaysia, it would appear that the company is well positioned for a possible future where electric vehicles become increasingly popular.

But that being said, this is based on the assumption that Malaysia can truly become the electric vehicle hub of Southeast Asia.

Competition is intense in this area with both Thailand and Philippines also vying for the position with Malaysia. Moreover, Indonesia, now the main automotive hub of Southeast Asia, might also want to join in the fray

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #8 on: March 21, 2016, 03:17:38 PM »



BAIC to begin EV production in Malaysia next Sept
In BAIC, Cars, Hybrids, EVs and Alternative Fuel, Local News   / By Anthony Lim   / 8 December 2015 9:57 am   / 10 comments

BJEV-2

Earlier this year, it was reported that Chinese automaker Beijing Auto International Corporation (BAIC) was set to make Malaysia as its electric vehicle manufacturing hub for the region, and that its new plant Gurun, Kedah, was expected to be operational in July 2016.

Now, more progress has been reported – the automaker and its local JV partner Amber Dual have completed prototyping of its planned EV, and production is expected to begin by September or October next year, according to Malaysia Automotive Institute (MAI) CEO Madani Sahari. The car will not just be produced for local consumption, but for ASEAN markets as well.

In May, Amber Dual’s managing director Shabudin Md Saman said the project had kicked off in Gurun, with the bulk of R&D work set to centre around the conversion of the vehicle’s original left-hand drive system to right-hand drive, at the cost of about RM50 million. The Chinese automaker is aiming to produce between 2,000 and 3,000 EVs next year, with a gradual yearly increase.

 BJEV-1 BJEV-3
The report had indicated that prototypes were expected to be ready in December, and so the latest news has the project on track as anticipated. The model on display then was an E150 EV – specs for the Chinese version include a motor putting out 61 hp and 144 Nm, with a 25.6 kWh lithium-ion battery offering the car an operating range of 150 km.

BAIC’s Gurun plant, which will cost between RM200 million and RM300 million to build, won’t just be an assembly plant – the facility will also serve as a marketing centre for BAIC vehicles for the entire ASEAN region.

Currently, Amber Dual’s website lists two other, more conventional offerings – a BAIC A113/A115 hatch and a van called the MB55. Interestingly, photos on the company’s website hints that Go Automobile Manufacturing (GoAuto), the folk behind the Great Wall M4, looks to be involved in the production of the MB55, or at least its production line is.

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #9 on: April 30, 2016, 04:58:52 PM »




 
Via EricPetersAutos.com,

Why the hard-sell for self-driving cars?



This week, Ford and Volvo announced they are forming a “coaliton” – along with Google – to push not only for the development of self-driving cars, but for federal “action” (their term) to force-feed them to us.

Why?


The reasons are obvious: There’s money – and control – in it.

To understand what’s going on, to grok the tub-thumping for these things, it is first of all necessary to deconstruct the terminology. The cars are not “self-driving.” This implies independence.

And “self-driving” cars are all about dependence.

The “self-driving” car does what it has been programmed to do by the people who control it. Which isn’t you or me. Instead of you controlling how fast you go, when to brake – and so on – such things will be programmed in by … programmers. Who will – inevitably- program in parameters they deem appropriate. What do you suppose those parameters will be?

“Safety” will be the byword, of course.



 

But the point being, you will no longer have any meaningful control over (ahem!) “your” car. You’ll pay for the privilege of “owning” it, of course. But your “ownership” will not come with the right to control what you “own.”

It will be a tag-team of the government and the car companies who control (and thereby, effectively own) “your” car.

And thereby, you.

Not only will how you drive (well, ride) be under their control, they will also know where and when you go. It will be easy to keep track of you in real time, all the time. And if they decide they don’t want you to go anywhere at all, that’s easy, too. Just transmit the code and the car is auto-immobilized.

You only get to go when you have their permission to go. It will be a very effective way of reducing those dangerous “greenhouse gas” emissions, for instance.



 

If this all sounds paranoid, consider the times we live in. Reflect upon what we know for a fact they are already doing.   

For instance, making the case – in court – that we (the putative “owners” of “our” vehicles) ought to be legally forbidden from making any modifications to them. The argument being that such modifications could potentially affect various “safety” systems and they do not want to be held liable for any resultant problems that may occur.

This argument easily scales when applied to the self-driving car, which we will be forced to trust with our lives at 70 MPH.

For at least 30 years now – since the appearance of anti-lock brakes back in the ‘80s – the focus of the car industry has been to take drivers and driving out of the equation. To idiot-proof cars. This is easier – and more profitable – than merely building cars that are fun to actually drive.

How much profit margin has been added to a new car via (6-8) air bags? We pay more for the car, more to repair the car (and so, more to insure the car).

This also scales.



 

The technology that will be necessary to achieve the “self-driving” car is very elaborate and very expensive.

Thus, very profitable.

Which by itself would be fine… provided we could choose. But we will be told. Like we’re told we must have 6-8 air bags and all the rest of it.

This is the “action” Ford and Volvo and Google are seeking.

I personally have no doubt that, in time, they will make it illegal to own a car that is not “self-driving.” Well, to actually drive the thing. Static museum displays may still be permitted.

Tesla, the state-subsidized electric car – already has the necessary “self-driving” technology and Elon Musk is pushing it, hard. He says it’s a gotta-have because people cannot be trusted to drive themselves. There’s a clue for you as to the mindset of our masters.

But the current price of the least expensive Tesla is just under $70,000.

This is not economically viable when the average family’s income is in the neighborhood of $50,000. And keep in mind, that means half the people to the left of average make less than $50,000.

They cannot afford to buy $25,000 cars.

But maybe they can afford to rent them.

This appears to be where we are headed. The perpetual rental. It makes sense, too – from an economic point-of-view. Why buy that which you don’t really own because it’s not under your control? It would be absurd to buy the bus that you ride to work in. It is arguably just as absurd to buy the car you are driven to work in, too.



 

The object of this exercise appears to be perpetual debt-servitude as well as placing almost everyone fully and finally under the complete control of the powers that be. Who are no longer just the powers in government. The distinction between state power and corporate power is so blurry now as to be almost impossible to parse. The two are effectively the same thing, working hand in hand for their mutual benefit.

Remember Il Duce:

All within the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state.
Sadly, there is no push back. Or doesn’t seem to be. The cattle appear to like the idea of being herded. It is depressing.

The passivity and acceptance of it all.

Must be something in the water

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #10 on: May 07, 2016, 12:11:03 PM »



国际  2016年05月06日
日本电动车商机大增 充电站已多过加油站

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日本电动车商机大增 充电站已多过加油站
日本的电动汽车充电站已经多过加油站,预计2020年日本半数新车都將是环保车。(图取自互联网)

中国或许是电动车最大市场,但日本却是发展最快的国家!数据显示,日本的电动汽车充电站已经多过加油站,数量傲视全球,预计2020年日本半数新车都將是环保车。

综合报导,日產汽车(Nissan)公佈数据显示,日本全国有4万个充电站,数量远超过3.4万个加油站。不过要注意的是,此数据包含公用和私人家用的充电站,因此略为扭曲。

管如此,追踪全球充电站的PlugShare网站强调,共享经济正当道,不少人出租自家空房赚钱,家用充电站或许会是下一个商机。要是大家真的开放家用充电站对外营利,充电站数量將大增。

倘若排除家用充电站,日本仍有6469个充电站,超越欧洲的3028个、美国的 1686个,在全球居冠。要是此一趋势持续,估计到2020年,日本將有200万个充电站,50%的新车都是环保车辆。

无论如何,这对日產来说是个好消息,充电站数量的增加將提高其全电动汽车Leaf对日本买主的吸引力。Leaf充满电后能行驶107英里(172公里),如此多的充电站,將缓解用户对行驶里程的担忧。

日本大力推广环保车,提供车主减税、补贴等优惠。日相安倍先前就公开表示,购买环保车辆最多可获300万日圆(约11万令吉)的补贴。

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #11 on: May 07, 2016, 12:13:13 PM »


INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE CARS

MIGHT B PHASED OUT SOONER THAN EXPECTED !!??

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #12 on: June 02, 2016, 08:04:57 PM »



GM總裁:汽車業未來5年變化將比過去50年還要來得多
回應(0) 人氣(343) 收藏(0) 2016/06/02 15:49
MoneyDJ新聞 2016-06-02 15:49:39 記者 賴宏昌 報導
MarketWatch 1日報導,通用汽車(General Motors)總裁Dan Ammann 5月31日在接受訪問時表示,未來5年汽車業的變化將會比過去50年還要來得多。他指出,消費者行為的改變(從汽車擁有觀念到共乘)將帶動自動駕駛車與電動車的發展。怎麼說?開車的人目前無法邊開邊用行動裝置,日益升高的機會成本將會驅使消費者逐漸接納共乘與叫車服務。
根據德意志銀行在今年3月所發表的報告,叫車服務業者所經營的自動駕駛車在路上的85%時間都可創造出營業額,遠高於紐約市計程車(目前為49%)以及UberX(53%)。Ammann認為,相較於人類駕駛,自駕車的高安全性終將贏得消費大眾的信賴。
前摩根士丹利證券知名分析師、創投公司Kleiner Perkins Caulfield & Byers(KPCB)合夥人瑪麗米克(Mary Meeker)6月1日發表「2016年網際網路趨勢報告」時指出,美國具有再度成為全球汽車業中樞的潛力。

米克指出,通用(GM)、福特(Ford)目前為全球前十大車廠,特斯拉(Tesla)是最大電動車製造商,Nvidia(處理器/GPU)、Velodyne/Quanergy/谷歌(感應器/光達(LiDAR)/雷達)、AT&T/Telogis/INRIX(連結)、谷歌/Waze/Uber(圖資)以及谷歌/蘋果(作業系統)是元件/系統廠商,谷歌/特斯拉/Uber是自駕車解決方案領導開發廠商,Uber/Lyft/Zendrive是共乘解決方案領導廠商,史丹佛/卡內基美隆大學(CMU)/密西根/麻省理工學院(MIT)/加州大學柏克萊分校則是在STEM(科學、技術、工程、數學)與電腦科學教育/電腦視覺/機器人/深度學習/汽車工程居於領導地位。
根據米克公布的投影片資料,Uber總市值在全球網際網路業排名第八,原名「滴滴快的(Didi Kuaidi)」的滴滴出行(Didi Chuxing)上個月甫獲蘋果(Apple Inc.)10億美元的注資、名列第20名。甫與微軟(Microsoft Corp.)宣布擴大全球夥伴關係的小米(Xiaomi Inc.)名列第12名。
紐約時報報導,叫車服務應用軟體公司優步(Uber Technologies Inc.)6月1日宣布獲得沙烏地阿拉伯主權財富基金「公共投資基金」高達35億美元的投資金額。
自駕車的前景雖然美好,但過程顯然不會是平坦順遂的。英國網站《V3》報導,英國交通部長Andrew Jones日前表示,如果在無人駕駛模式發生嚴重碰撞,需負責的將是車輛(車商)而非人類駕駛。
谷歌自駕車計畫團隊5月25日透過《Google+》宣布,已於美國密西根州諾維(Novi)成立自駕車技術開發中心。根據谷歌母公司Alphabet Inc.(GOOGL.us)公布的財報,包括自駕車在內等高風險投資部門2016年第1季虧損自一年前的6.33億美元擴大至8.02億美元。谷歌已決定將在4.56-4.62港元區間出售3.71億股聯想集團(Lenovo Group Ltd.;0992.HK)股票,預計將可籌得2.18-2.21億美元的資金。


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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #13 on: June 02, 2016, 08:05:58 PM »



The auto industry will change more in next five years than prior 50, says GM’s president

By Kathleen Burke
Published: June 1, 2016 2:31 p.m. ET

     72 
Dan Ammann discusses ride hailing, driverless technology and electric cars
Getty Images
The president of one of the oldest car manufacturers in the U.S. doesn’t think you’ll be driving its cars in the near future. That’s because they’ll be driving you.

“We see more change in the next five years than there’s been in the last 50,” said Dan Ammann, president of General Motors GM, -3.39% in an interview. Ammann sat down with MarketWatch and The Wall Street Journal on Tuesday to discuss the company’s recent acquisitions and the road ahead for transportation technology. (MarketWatch and The Wall Street Journal are both units of News Corp NWS, +0.41% )

Specifically, the shift in consumer behavior from car ownership to ride sharing will drive the development of self-driving cars and electric vehicles, Ammann said. As people drive less — vehicles spend only about 5% of the time on the road, he estimates — and the opportunity cost of driving increases with the inability to perform tasks on a mobile device while driving, consumers will gradually turn to ride-sharing and ride-hailing services. In January, GM announced a $500 million investment in ride-hailing company Lyft.

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Read more: GM deal with Lyft signals changes in car ownership


However, this shift won’t happen overnight, and it does not signal an end to the company’s popular trucks and SUVs, he said. Self-driving cars need to be able to operate “in an everyday, existing on-the-road kind of environment,” Ammann said. “The average age of a car on the road is 11 years. This is a decades-long transition.”

Companies like Uber and Lyft continue to grow their user bases, which makes them ideal platforms to introduce self-driving technology, Ammann said. “We think that the intersection of rideshare and driverless cars…will represent the next fundamental wave of change,” he said. “It will change the cost structure of rideshare, make it much lower cost and potentially open up the demand pretty significantly, well beyond where it is today.”

See also: How robots will kill Warren Buffett’s cash cow

Driverless cars are also much more efficient than taxis and other ride-hailing vehicles currently on the road. A self-driving car operated by a ride-hailing service could generate revenue 85% of the time it spends on the road, compared with the current rate of 49% for New York City taxis and 53% for UberX vehicles, according to a March report by Deutsche Bank.

Despite its cost benefits, American drivers are generally skeptical of driverless technology. However, the relative safety of self-driving cars compared with human drivers will eventually convince consumers to embrace the technology, Ammann said. “Driverless technology should be fundamentally safer than human drivers given the very high percentage of car accidents that are caused by human error,” he said. “Driverless cars don’t drink.”

The highest increase in vehicle deaths in 50 years — 8% — occurred in 2015, according to the National Safety Council. More than 38,000 people were killed in accidents and 4.4 million were injured, costing $412.1 billion in damages, according to the agency.

See also: These are the most aggravating drivers in America

Along with more ride-hailing and self-driving cars, electric vehicles will also soon become more prevalent, Ammann said. Though low oil prices have kept current demand low, the introduction of more affordable electric vehicles with greater battery range will help pick up their adoption, he said. “We believe this will represent the first next step in the acceptance of electric vehicles.”

The timeline of these transitions is still unclear, Ammann said, but they are inevitable. “I don’t think there’s a lot of doubt that change is happening,” he said. “There’s a lot of debate on the time, the time scale, the magnitude, the how, the who, the where. But there’s enough fundamental forces at work as to why this would change.”

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #14 on: June 14, 2016, 04:23:42 PM »



電動車價5年內低於傳統車!2025年新車都是電動款?
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MoneyDJ新聞 2016-06-14 15:35:03 記者 郭妍希 報導
傳統汽車目前雖比電動車便宜、但卻會讓空氣污染更加嚴重,不過,在各大車廠的努力下,著有「Clean Disruption of Energy and Transportation」(暫譯:能源和運輸業的綠化革命)一書的創業家Tony Seba認為,到了2025年,電動車的售價反而會更低廉,屆時所有新車都會是電動款式。
CNBC報導,Seba 14日在野村證券舉辦的投資論壇上表示,電動車的運輸效能不斷改善,售價更是快速下降,預估以汽柴油做為動力的內燃式引擎(Internal combustion engine)很快就會失去競爭優勢。
Seba認為,照這樣發展下去,消費者只要付出一台別克(Buick)的價錢,就能享受保時捷(Porsche)的飆速快感,且到時候無論是保時捷還是別克都無法跟電動車競爭。

Seba預估,到了2020年,美國一台電動車的售價大約會下降至3萬美元,相較之下,目前一台內燃式引擎新車平均售價還多達33,000美元。不僅如此,到了2022年,一台低階電動車的售價甚至有機會下殺到22,000美元。
Seba說,電動車的維修費用非常低廉,擁有一輛電動車的邊際成本基本上是零,這是因為內燃式引擎汽車擁有多達2,000個移動零件,但電動車卻只有20個,大幅降低故障率。這也是為什麼特斯拉(Tesla)的汽車保固方案完全沒在限制里程的主因。電動車未來將不只是「乾淨能源」的選項而已,只要再花一點時間研發,電動車就能成為「合理又經濟」的選擇。
野村證券6月稍早就曾發表研究報告估計,2020年全球電動車銷售量上看240萬台,遠高於2015年的348,000台,對整體汽車銷售量的佔比也將從0.4%攀升至2.4%。
韓國先驅報(Korea Herald)14日報導,日本市調機構B3也估計,全球車用電池銷售量有望在今(2016)年成長66%至16,000千瓦小時(kilowatt-hour,簡寫為kWh),等於是過去7年來共計成長了23倍。2010年全球車用電池的市場規模僅有1,140 kWh。展望2017年,銷售量還將成長57%至26,000 kWh。
電動車熱絡的需求已在金屬市場掀起驚滔駭浪。
華爾街日報5月5日報導,倫敦顧問機構Benchmark Mineral Intelligence的數據顯示,碳酸鋰(lithium carbonate)售價今(2016)年第1季價格飛漲,平均已較去年同期跳增47%之多,而去年一整年的漲幅也有28%、遠優於其他還在困境掙扎的金屬和原物料。鋰在地球上的蘊藏量雖多,但大多分布在偏遠地區,要耗費不少人力物力才能掘出。鋰也沒有在任何一個商品交易所公開交易,因此價格都是由買賣雙方自行議定,而主要的需求都來自中國。
高盛估算,一台特斯拉「Model S」所需的鋰離子,比1萬支智慧型手機還要多;預估鋰的需求量到了2025年將飆漲3倍至570,000噸,主要都是由智慧型手機、電動車帶動。


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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #15 on: June 15, 2016, 08:26:40 AM »



Nissan Trying Out Bio-Ethanol for Electricity and Hydrogen Powered Cars
by Jon LeSage June 14, 2016
   
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Nissan Motor Co. is developing a system that will power cars such as the Nissan Leaf with electricity generated from bio-ethanol.

Along with generating electricity, the system will fuel hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Unlike conventional fuel-cell vehicles that use a special tank for hydrogen, Nissan’s system will utilize liquid fuel and a conventional tank. The new system will generate hydrogen through reformation of pure ethanol or ethanol-blended water. A solid oxide fuel-cell system can then generate power from hydrogen and air, according to the company.

Nissan plans to introduce the powertrain for fleet sales by 2020, said Hideyuki Sakamoto, executive vice president in charge of development. The ethanol-powered vehicle will have a driving range of more than 600 kilometers (373 miles), similar to gasoline-engine cars, Nissan said Tuesday.

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. announced today that it is currently researching and developing a Solid Oxide Fuel-Cell (SOFC)-powered system that runs on bio-ethanol electric power. The new system – a world first for automotive use – features an e-Bio Fuel-Cell with an SOFC power generator. SOFC is a fuel cell utilizing the reaction of multiple fuels, including ethanol and natural gas, with oxygen to produce electricity with high efficiency.
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. announced today that it is currently researching and developing a Solid Oxide Fuel-Cell (SOFC)-powered system that runs on bio-ethanol electric power. The new system – a world first for automotive use – features an e-Bio Fuel-Cell with an SOFC power generator. SOFC is a fuel cell utilizing the reaction of multiple fuels, including ethanol and natural gas, with oxygen to produce electricity with high efficiency.
Nissan is going with bio-ethanol fuels, including those derived from sugarcane and corn, since they’re accessible and widely available in countries in Asia, North America, and South America. The vehicles will have running costs that will be on par with electric vehicles, Nissan said.

SEE ALSO: Nissan Eyes 20-Percent EV Sales in Europe by 2020

Toyota, Honda, and Hyundai have embraced hydrogen fuel cell vehicles over plug-in electric vehicles as they offer range and refueling times similar to traditional gasoline engine vehicles. Nissan hasn’t embraced hydrogen as much, and has invested more in electric vehicles.

In 2013, Nissan had agreed with Daimler and Ford to jointly develop conventional hydrogen-powered vehicles. The vehicle’s introduction will probably be delayed from the earlier plan for 2017, Nissan said

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #16 on: June 15, 2016, 08:32:07 AM »



Nissan's bio-ethanol fuel cell would lower the cost of clean cars
It wants vehicles to use the plant-powered engine by 2020.
 
Jon Fingas , @jonfingas
10h ago in Transportation
 
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Hydrogen fuel cell cars are eco-friendly, but they come at a steep cost: hydrogen is normally expensive to make and store. Nissan, however, thinks it has a solution. It's developing a fuel cell system that will use bio-ethanol (generated from crops like corn and sugarcane) as a hydrogen source when it reaches vehicles in 2020. The technology combines the transformed bio-ethanol with air to power an electric motor. You're theoretically getting a "carbon-neutral" car with much more range than a pure EV -- Nissan is aiming for 497 miles on a tank where even the best Tesla Model S runs out of power at 294 miles. And since you wouldn't need to store hydrogen, you wouldn't need either giant tanks inside cars or special fuel stations.

Whether or not anyone embraces the idea is another matter. Nissan believes that its bio-ethanol fuel cell would cost as little as an electric car to run, but that fuel still has to come from somewhere. Bio-ethanol requires a lot of farmland, and it's a stretch to claim that the plants would completely offset the carbon emissions involved in making this a reality.

There's also the question of whether or not this is little more than a stopgap measure on the way to an all-electric future. Electric car ranges should improve by 2020 -- there may not be much point to this fuel cell if you can get an EV that drives just as far. Nissan's main advantage may simply be the lower cost of the car itself, since early high-mileage EVs will likely be expensive

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #17 on: June 15, 2016, 02:25:52 PM »



燃料電池車再進化!日產新技術、行駛距離達EV 3倍
回應(0) 人氣(614) 收藏(0) 2016/06/15 09:56
MoneyDJ新聞 2016-06-15 09:56:28 記者 蔡承啟 報導
日產汽車(Nissan)14日發布新聞稿宣布,已研發出新型燃料電池(FVC)系統技術「e-Bio Fuel-Cell」,該技術是以甘蔗、玉米等植物所生產的生物乙醇作為燃料,充填一次燃料最高可跑800km、約是日產現行主力電動車(EV)「Leaf(充飽電可跑280km)」的3倍水準,媲美汽油車(可跑600km以上)水準。日產計畫將該技術率先應用在使用於宅配服務等領域的商用車上,目標2020年實用化。
「e-Bio Fuel-Cell」主要是將生物乙醇藉由改質器分解出氫和二氧化碳,並藉由電池堆(stack)將氫和空氣中的氧進行化學反應、藉此產生電力。日產指出,「e-Bio Fuel-Cell」開創全球首例、使用固態氧化物燃料電池(Solid Oxide Fuel Cell;SOFC)作為車用電池堆。
根據嘉實XQ全球贏家系統報價,截至台北時間15日上午9點30分為止,日產上揚0.40%,表現優於日經225指數的下跌0.18%(9:30時報價)。

說到燃料電池車,最火紅的莫過於豐田汽車(Toyota)於2014年12月開賣的「Mirai」,而本田(Honda)也於2016年3月推出「Clarity Fuel Cell」。Mirai、Clarity Fuel Cell皆使用高純度氫作為燃料,行駛時只會排出水;而日產上述技術,行駛時雖會排出二氧化碳,不過作為原料的甘蔗等植物在成長時會吸收二氧化碳,故兩相抵銷,等同不會增加二氧化碳排放量。
根據日產的堆算,上述FCV技術的每km行駛費用(running cost)為3.1日圓、約略同於EV的2.9日圓,遠優於汽油車的9日圓。
Thomson Reuters報導,日產副社長(土反)本秀行指出,「上述FCV技術為日產EV戰略的一環」;他說,「氫氣在製造時所需的成本很高,且需要進行設備(充氣站)投資;另一方面,在巴西、美國等國家生物乙醇已進行流通,因此比起氫氣更易於入手,且其最大優點就是安全性高、低成本」。
日經新聞報導,日產採用上述FCV技術的試作車已開始進行行駛測試,目標為在2020年開賣時將車價壓低至同於電動車的水準,且除了次世代環保車已開始普及的先進國家之外,也將搶進泰國等新興國家市場。
日經指出,目前全球次世代環保車勢力版圖主要分為兩大塊,一為特斯拉(Tesla)等車廠的EV陣營、一為以豐田/本田為主的FCV陣營。
日經新聞1月12日報導,日本汽車業龍頭豐田汽車社長豐田章男接受日經/金融時報聯訪時表示,「今後100年將是環保車的時代」,他說,「汽車產業過去1個世紀來,主要以汽油引擎為主流,不過下一個100年,燃料電池車(FCV)、插電式油電混合車(PHV)等各種環保車需求將增長」


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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #18 on: June 15, 2016, 02:47:48 PM »
Wow! Wonder how they safety test these electric cars!
malimalimaliongongongnotongchefbutishua thuatong

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #19 on: June 21, 2016, 02:21:06 PM »



Tesla電動車需求激增,Panasonic美國電池廠量產提前
回應(0) 人氣(522) 收藏(0) 2016/06/21 08:11
MoneyDJ新聞 2016-06-21 08:11:47 記者 陳瑞哲 報導
特斯拉(Tesla)電動車需求火熱,日本電池製造商Panasonic為滿足大客戶需求,其位在美國那華達州的鋰電池工廠量產進度也配合提早約數個月。

按原先時程表,Panasonic美國工廠要等到特斯拉2016會計年度,也就是2017年初期才會投產。但據日經新聞周二報導,Panasonic工廠今年七月就將啟用,並在十一月開始生產電池芯。特斯拉首輛大眾化電動車Model 3自從發表後,訂單應接不暇,想必Panasonic加快量產時程應該與此有關。

除此之外,Panasonic擴廠腳步也將同時加速,據某Panasonic高層表示,原先16億美元、分八期的投資計畫可能會做修改,目的是避免特斯拉因電池供應不及而被迫中斷生產。

特斯拉目前正在中國尋找合適設廠地點,美國媒體報導指出,上海先馳得點,其國營金橋集團已與特斯拉簽訂不具約束力協定,使上海雀屏中選的機率大增。如果未來成案,特斯拉與金橋將各出資45億美元,其中金橋主要負責取得工廠用地。


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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #20 on: July 05, 2016, 05:45:07 AM »



国产电动巴士
明年中将开跑
141点看 2016年7月4日
由来自Sync R&D私人有限公司的 30名本地大学毕业的青年工程师所设计,首部大马生产的电动巴士预计将在2017年中开跑!

耗费逾3000万令吉打造的电动巴士,预计将在8月完成所有工作,并于2017年中正式上路。


该电动巴士的制作已处最后审查阶段,以确保每一个部件都处于最好及安全的状态,同时符合当局所制定的标准。



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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #21 on: July 05, 2016, 10:18:24 AM »



 1 0 0 1
Young engineers design first M’sian electric bus
July 5, 2016
The electric bus is made with specifications and standards set by the RTD and UN Economic Commission for Europe for safe operation on roads.
Bas-Elektrik_600

KUALA LUMPUR: An electric bus will start operation in the capital city by the middle of 2017.
What makes the electric bus special is that it is the first of its kind in Malaysia and an ingenious product of 30 young engineers from local universities.
The idea to create this green technology came as a result of its high demand in the market and low maintenance as compared to conventional buses.
Sync R&D Sdn Bhd Chief Operating Officer Nurulhanom Laham said the success was impressive as they were still new to technological development and engineering technology owned by China.
“There has actually been a high demand from bus operators, but its supply and electric vehicle facilities, such as charging stations, are limited, she told Bernama recently.
This project that began in 2011, had been patented as EBIM (Elektrik Bas Inovasi Malaysia).

Nurulhanom said the electrical bus was capable of saving the bus operator’s cost operation up to 60 per cent, saving more than RM300 million a year compared to the use of diesel energy.
The electric bus was made in accordance with the specifications and standards set by the Road Transport Department and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe that enabled its safe operation on roads.
“Currently, it is in its final stage of testing and certification to ensure that the vehicle components are at its best state, safe and fulfils the required standard before it is marketed,” she said.
The technology of its battery is capable of moving a bus for a distance of 200 kilometres, making it on par with the average trips made by buses in a daily operation..
The design process, at an estimated cost of RM30 million, will be fully completed this August and expected to be in full operation by the middle of 2017.
Meanwhile, one of engineers involved, Mohd Elyas Ariff Shaibudin, 28, a Universiti Malaya mechanical engineering graduate, said although they had no experience in the design of electrical buses, it did not prevent them from using the best of skills acquired from their universities.
However, without proper guidance from experts, it would have been harder for them to produce the innovation, but the opportunity had also motivated young engineers like him to think critically and creatively.
Meanwhile, Nizamuddin Daud, 28, said among the challenges faced included the lack of references since electrical bus engineering is still new.
“Although we conducted many trial runs that failed, but as a team, we successfully overcame the obstacles,” he said.
– BERNAMA

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #22 on: July 06, 2016, 08:22:40 AM »



Wednesday, 6 July 2016
E-bus to hit the road soon







 Prego
 
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KUALA LUMPUR: The electric bus will start operation here by the middle of next year.

What makes it special is that it is the first of its kind in Malaysia and an ingenious product of 30 young engineers from local universities.

The idea to create this green technology came as a result of its high demand in the market and low maintenance as compared to conventional buses.

Sync R and D Sdn Bhd chief ope­ra­­ting officer, Nurulhanom Laham said the success was impressive as they were still new to technological development and engineering technology owned by China.

“There has actually been a high demand from bus operators, but its supply and electric vehicle facilities such as a charging stations are limited,” she said recently.

The project that began in 2011 had been patented as EBIM (Elektrik Bas Inovasi Malaysia).

Nurulhanom said the electric bus was capable of saving the bus operator’s cost of operation by up to 60% or about RM300mil a year compared with the use of diesel.

The electric bus was made in accordance with the specification and standard set by the Road Transport Department and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe which enabled its safe operation on roads.

“Currently, it is in its final stage of testing and certification to ensure that the vehicle components are at its best state, safe and fulfils the required standard before it is marketed,” she said.

The technology on the battery allows it to cover at least 200km per charge, making it on par with the average trips made by buses on a daily operation.

The design process, costing an estimated RM30mil, is expected to be fully completed by next month.

One of the engineers involved is Mohd Elyas Ariff Shaibudin, 28, a Universiti Malaya mechanical engineering graduate.

He said although they had no experience in designing electric buses, it did not prevent them from using the best of skills acquired from their universities.

The opportunity also motivated young engineers like him to think critically and creatively.

Nizamuddin Daud, 28, said among the challenges faced include the lack of references since electric bus engineering was still new.

“Although we conducted many trial runs that failed, as a team we successfully overcame the obstacles,” he said. — Bernama


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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #23 on: July 27, 2016, 06:57:56 AM »



Treeletrik e-bikes launched in Malaysia, from RM4,500
In Bikes, Local Bike News   / By Mohan K Ramanujam   / 26 July 2016 5:54 pm   / 13 comments

2016 Treeletrik e-bike launch

A push to have 100,000 electric vehicles on Malaysian roads by the government saw the launch of the Treeletrik range of electric motorcycles, or e-bikes, by assembler and distributor Tree Movement yesterday. In an event officiated by Tengku Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah, crown prince of Pahang, three models from the Treeletrik range were shown – the T-90, T-70 and T-Cargo.

The T-90 is an e-scooter with 84-volt electric motor coupled to a 50 AH battery. Range for the Treeletrik T-90 is claimed to be between 80 to 100 km. With a quoted weight of 115 kg, the T-90 is capable of reaching speeds of up to 90 km/h.

 Treeletrik T-90 Treeletrik T-70
Treeletrik T-90 (left) and T-70 e-scooters
Also shown was the T-70 e-scooter that runs a 60-volt motor connected to a 30 AH battery, giving a range of between 70 to 90 km. Weighing in at 78 kg, the Treeletrik T-70 hits a maximum speed of 60 km/h.

Treeletrik also displayed the T-Cargo, a commercial/utility e-scooter that has a large cargo compartment located on the pillion seat position. Designed for short delivery trips in urban areas, the T-Cargo should find favour with food delivery establishments.

 Treeletrik T-220 Treeletrik T-60
Treeletrik T-220 e-bike (left) and T-60 e-scooter
There are two other models in Treeletrik’s range – the T-220 sports e-bike and the T-60 e-scooter. The T-220 is a full-sized e-bike that runs a 96-volt motor that gives a speed of 120 km/h and 120 km of range, while the T-60 has a 48-volt battery that runs for 90 km range at about 55 km/h.

No word on possible pricing for the range of e-scooters, but Treeletrik chief executive officer Michael Yap said the T-90 and T-Cargo enter the Malaysian market by the end of September this year, while the T-70 would be available by November at a starting price of RM4,500.

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #24 on: October 03, 2016, 07:12:33 AM »



国际
馬賽地充滿電 可走500公里
 3522点阅   2016年10月01日
圖:東網
圖:東網
兩年一度的車壇盛會“巴黎車展”正式展開,各品牌的新能源汽車大舉進襲,如德國豪華汽車品牌馬賽地(Mercedes-Benz)便帶來了Generation EQ,還有smart EV、Volkswagen的I.D.等,皆是全場焦點,電動車主導市場指日可待。

發展電動車已成為趨勢,馬賽地在今屆巴黎車展便帶來了全電概念SUV“Generation EQ”,搭載的兩個電動馬達可輸出逾400hp馬力及700Nm扭力,並採用四輪驅動,0~100km/h可在5秒內完成,充滿電後的行駛里程可達500km。



廠方指,“Generation EQ”配備最新充電技術,可透過一般家用插頭及快速充電器充電,最快充5分鐘便可行駛100km。

另一方面,車上預載了高精準地圖,無人駕駛系統甚至知道迴旋處的確實位置及大小,從而調整車速來提升行車安全及乘坐舒適性

Offline CurryLee

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #25 on: October 03, 2016, 02:28:25 PM »
[))quote author=king link=topic=75420.msg1492165#msg1492165 date=1469573876]


Treeletrik e-bikes launched in Malaysia, from RM4,500
In Bikes, Local Bike News   / By Mohan K Ramanujam   / 26 July 2016 5:54 pm   / 13 comments

2016 Treeletrik e-bike launch

A push to have 100,000 electric vehicles on Malaysian roads by the government saw the launch of the Treeletrik range of electric motorcycles, or e-bikes, by assembler and distributor Tree Movement yesterday. In an event officiated by Tengku Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah, crown prince of Pahang, three models from the Treeletrik range were shown – the T-90, T-70 and T-Cargo.

The T-90 is an e-scooter with 84-volt electric motor coupled to a 50 AH battery. Range for the Treeletrik T-90 is claimed to be between 80 to 100 km. With a quoted weight of 115 kg, the T-90 is capable of reaching speeds of up to 90 km/h.

 Treeletrik T-90 Treeletrik T-70
Treeletrik T-90 (left) and T-70 e-scooters
Also shown was the T-70 e-scooter that runs a 60-volt motor connected to a 30 AH battery, giving a range of between 70 to 90 km. Weighing in at 78 kg, the Treeletrik T-70 hits a maximum speed of 60 km/h.

Treeletrik also displayed the T-Cargo, a commercial/utility e-scooter that has a large cargo compartment located on the pillion seat position. Designed for short delivery trips in urban areas, the T-Cargo should find favour with food delivery establishments.

 Treeletrik T-220 Treeletrik T-60
Treeletrik T-220 e-bike (left) and T-60 e-scooter
There are two other models in Treeletrik’s range – the T-220 sports e-bike and the T-60 e-scooter. The T-220 is a full-sized e-bike that runs a 96-volt motor that gives a speed of 120 km/h and 120 km of range, while the T-60 has a 48-volt battery that runs for 90 km range at about 55 km/h.

No word on possible pricing for the range of e-scooters, but Treeletrik chief executive officer Michael Yap said the T-90 and T-Cargo enter the Malaysian market by the end of September this year, while the T-70 would be available by November at a starting price of RM4,500.
[/quote]

so cheap.....where to buy? where to sok tin?
malimalimaliongongongnotongchefbutishua thuatong

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #26 on: October 12, 2016, 06:30:55 AM »



THE FUTURE'S ELECTRIC —
Germany’s Bundesrat votes to ban the internal combustion engine by 2030
The resolution is non-binding, but it's still a powerful signal.

JONATHAN M. GITLIN - 10/10/2016, 10:46 PM

Toni Almodóvar Escuder @ Flickr
106
Is the tide turning for the internal combustion engine? In Germany, things are starting to look that way. This is the country that invented the technology, but late last week, the Bundesrat (the federal council of all 16 German states) voted to ban gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles by 2030.

FURTHER READING
Paris bans pre-1997 cars from its streets during the week
It's a strong statement in a nation where the auto industry is one of the largest sectors of the economy; Germany produces more automobiles than any other country in Europe and is the third largest in the world. The resolution passed by the Bundesrat calls on the European Commission (the executive arm of the European Union) to "evaluate the recent tax and contribution practices of Member States on their effectiveness in promoting zero-emission mobility," which many are taking to mean an end to the lower levels of tax currently levied on diesel fuel across Europe.

Europe bet big on diesel, something that now seems increasingly misguided with continuing revelations about companies cheating their emissions tests and the growing awareness of the health implications of diesel particulates.

The resolution—which passed with support from both sides of the German political spectrum—is non-binding, so this isn't a sure thing, but it's evidence of a trend that has been gathering steam in Europe with increasingly tough emissions laws and moves by individual cities to restrict the use of fossil-fuel powered vehicles.

Whether German (and other European) automakers take this move lying down or lobby hard to fight it is as yet unclear. But the big three German car makers have all been making increasingly loud noises signaling a commitment to going electric.

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #27 on: October 16, 2016, 09:06:04 AM »



Ongkili: 2017 Budget will encourage use of electric vehicles
 3 comments      Bernama     Published 15 Oct 2016, 11:21 pm     Updated Today 6:38 am

 
The 2017 Budget will encourage the use of electric vehicles in the country.


Energy, Green Technology and Water Minister Maximus Ongkili said they plan to increase the number of charging stations to encourage the use of electric vehicles.

"The use of electric vehicles has yet to be expanded as we need to promote infrastructure such as charging stations," he told reporters after launching 'Karnival Yahijau Langkawi 2016' today.

The promotion will involve the Finance Ministry, the Transport Ministry and the International Trade and Industry Ministry.

"The Energy Ministry's's role is to reduce the release of carbon dioxide," said Ongkili.

Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak will table the Budget on Friday.

- Bernama



Read more: https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/359203#ixzz4NCmbdaO7

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #28 on: October 26, 2016, 06:39:14 AM »



Malaysia sets target of 100,000 EVs by 2020
Posted on 26 October 2016 - 05:39am
sunbiz@thesundaily.com
Print
KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia is on track to achieve the target of the use of electric vehicles (EVs) to 100,000 by 2020, from between 110 and 120 units currently, thanks to its conducive policies, provision of infrastructure and increased public awareness.

Malaysian Green Technology Corp (GreenTech Malaysia) CEO Ahmad Hadri Haris, said the company has no plans to revise the target set by the government.

Ahmad Hadri said the implementation of conducive policies had attracted more players to invest in the EVs and make them more affordable.

In terms of infrastructure, there were companies which were in the process of installing 25,000 charging stations nationwide, he said.

He added that 100 units of Tesla Model S would be on the road end of next year and would be leased to government-linked companies to promote the use of EVs. – Bernama

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #29 on: November 20, 2016, 02:34:40 PM »



财经  2016年11月20日
福士伟根全球裁员3万人

832
福士伟根全球裁员3万人

德国汽车製造商福士伟根进行转型计划,把资源投入电动车业务,宣佈全球裁员3万人。

据彭博社报导,该公司將在未来数年內裁员3万人,並將重点转向电动汽车和数据移动业务。

福士伟根深受排放测试作弊丑闻的影响,而进行提振盈利计划。




该公司表示,將裁掉传统职员,但在软件工程方面,创造9000个新的工作集会,並投入35亿元发展电动车。

福士伟根之前深陷排放门丑闻,召回了近50万辆安装排放欺骗装置的柴油汽车,同时面对多起美国官司,预计必须支付高达150亿美元的巨额和解金。

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #30 on: December 04, 2016, 07:58:02 AM »



Electric cars could take an Opec-sized bite from oil demand
Published: December 3, 2016 07:43 PM GMT+8

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A Tesla S electric car and a charging station are displayed during the press preview day of the North American International Auto Show in Detroit in this file photo.— Reuters pic
A Tesla S electric car and a charging station are displayed during the press preview day of the North American International Auto Show in Detroit in this file photo.— Reuters pic
LONDON, Dec 3 ― A boom in electric vehicles made by the likes of Tesla Motors Inc. could erode as much as 10 per cent of global gasoline demand by 2035, according to the oil industry consultant Wood Mackenzie Ltd.

While battery-powered cars and trucks today represent less than 1 per cent of total vehicle sales, they are expected to take off after 2025 as governments move to tackle pollution and costs fall, the Houston-based analyst said. By 2035 so-called EVs may remove one million to two million barrels a day of oil demand from the market ― in the range of the production cut Opec and its allies agreed this week in order to end a three-year crude surplus.

“Anything that reduces the demand for transportation has an impact on the oil market,” Alan Gelder, vice president of refining, chemicals and oils markets at Wood Mackenzie, said in an interview in London. “The question is how big is it going to be and what’s the time frame.”

Wood Mackenzie’s view echoes the International Energy Agency, which last month forecast global gasoline demand has all but peaked because of more efficient cars and the spread of EVs. The agency expects total oil demand to keep growing for decades, driven by shipping, trucking, aviation and petrochemical industries.

That’s more conservative than Bloomberg New Energy Finance’s forecast for EVs to displace about eight million barrels a day of demand by 2035. That will rise to 13 million barrels a day by 2040, which amounts of about 14 per cent of estimated crude oil demand in 2016, the London-based researcher said. Electric cars are displacing about 50,000 barrels a day of demand now, Wood Mackenzie said.

Yesterday Athens, Madrid, Mexico City and Paris pledged to phase out diesel vehicles by 2025 in a battle against pollution, a move that could further stimulate demand for EVs that have zero tailpipe emissions.

Regulation and government subsidies alone won’t be enough to spark a boom in EVs, Gelder said. “If there’s a technology revolution, so battery technology gets cheaper and EVs don’t need a subsidy, then it comes down to consumer preference. If the consumers like something, it’ll switch far faster.”

Tesla alone won’t be able to supply enough EVs if demand really takes off, Gelder said. Major automakers including Volkswagen AG and Ford Motor Co. will need to produce them on a larger scale. “At the moment they can’t, and changing manufacturing lines takes time.” ― Bloomberg

- See more at: http://m.themalaymailonline.com/money/article/electric-cars-could-take-an-opec-sized-bite-from-oil-demand#sthash.Z7PvWKMb.dpuf

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #31 on: December 14, 2016, 06:37:15 AM »



2016-12-13 17:06
瑞银预言:柴油轿车10年内恐消失
随着电动车价格持续下滑,再加上各国政府对汽车排碳量规范日渐严格,瑞银认为过去较汽油车更具优势的柴油车将失去卖点,恐怕未来10年内柴油轿车就会从全球市场上消失。
(美国.纽约13日讯)随着电动车价格持续下滑,再加上各国政府对汽车排碳量规范日渐严格,瑞银(UBS)认为过去较汽油车更具优势的柴油车将失去卖点,恐怕未来10年内柴油轿车就会从全球市场上消失。

广告

 
瑞银最新报告预期,2025年前柴油车在全球车市所占比重将从目前的13.5%降至4%,其中柴油轿车更是近乎消失,只剩柴油卡车及大型柴油休旅车。即便在柴油车当道的欧洲市场,2025年前柴油车市占率也将从50%降至10%。

事实上,柴油车在欧洲的市占率继2012年达到顶点后便开始慢慢下滑。

当年因欧洲柴油每公升税金较汽油便宜15欧元,使柴油车大受欢迎。但近年包括法国及比利时等国都打算取消柴油的优惠税率,诸如伦敦、马德里及巴黎等主要城市甚至有意规定市中心禁行柴油车。

去年福斯汽车(VW)爆发柴油车排碳量造假丑闻后,欧洲各国更加严格把关柴油车排碳量上限,社会大众对柴油车款的信赖度也连带受影响,使柴油车欧洲市占率在过去12个月内急速下滑。

近年在各家车厂一窝蜂发展电动车的情况下,已有不少专家预期柴油车式微,但瑞银报告中预期的市占萎缩幅度更为显著,引来业界高度关注。

车厂5年内推出全电动车

广告

由于柴油引擎的二氧化碳排放量大约比汽油引擎少五分之一,因此过去一直被视为柴油车的主要卖点。然而,近年各国政府开始限制柴油引擎的氮氧化物排放量,使各家车厂转向发展油电混合车,甚至预备在5年内推出全电动车。

瑞银报告预期,目前多数车厂发展的48V轻度混合动力车可望取代柴油车。这类油电混合车将小型汽油引擎及大颗车用电池加以结合,能在低度二氧化碳排放量且不产生氮氧化物的情况下创造媲美柴油车的燃料经济。

文章来源:
星洲日报/财经‧2016.12.13

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #32 on: December 21, 2016, 12:02:29 PM »



财经
大馬料在2018年 成區域最多電動車充電機國家
 301点阅   2016年12月20日
■賽益阿末(左起)、阿末哈德里、湯榮盛及董事傑勒德蒙泰羅,向媒體推薦特斯拉電動車。
■賽益阿末(左起)、阿末哈德里、湯榮盛及董事傑勒德蒙泰羅,向媒體推薦特斯拉電動車。
(吉隆坡20日訊)把美國電動車大廠特斯拉(Tesla)引進大馬、並且以租賃(Leasing)方式經營的大馬綠色科技公司(GreenTech Malaysia),除了積極推動電動車普及化,也將設立更多電動車充電機。

大馬綠科集團總執行長阿末哈德里說,預計到了2018年,大馬將成為東南亞區域最多電動車充電機的國家,超越新加坡及泰國等。



他今日在媒體午宴上說,目前全國共有121台電動車充電機,該公司的首階段計劃是設立300台。

“完成設立300台以后,我們將朝向1000至3000台電動車充電機的目標前進。如果一切按照計劃順利進行並且找到對的伙伴合作,預計在2018年即可達到3000台的目標。”

他說,以上數量尚未包括馬石油貿易在大馬半島的主要公路提供66台電動車充電機,以及寶馬通過伙伴合作為旗下混合電動汽車設立1000台充電機的計劃。

詢及特斯拉電動車租賃的價格時,阿末哈德里回應說:“配套價格從每月9000至1萬3000令吉不等,視車型號及租賃年份等而決定。”

今日出席媒體午宴的包括GreenTech Catalyst總執行長賽益阿末、PRAC物流私人有限公司湯榮盛及董事傑勒德蒙泰羅。

湯榮盛說,特斯拉電動車租賃計劃包括車險、路稅、輪胎替換及維修,車主只需每月付租賃費就可以省卻以上開銷,通過公司名義租賃電動車尚可獲得稅務優惠。

他透露,目前已引進8輛特斯拉電動車,還有2輛很快就抵達。如果市場需求提高,計劃每個季度引進10輛特斯拉電動車。

計劃引進其他品牌電動車

為了讓民眾以合理價格使用電動車,及擁有更多車款的選擇,大馬綠科正計劃引進其他汽車品牌的電動車。

阿末哈德里指出:“特斯拉電動車只是一個開始。對一般民眾來說,特斯拉可能太高價,所以未來我們也計劃以租賃方式引進其他汽車品牌的電動車,讓民眾擁有更多選擇。”

“車主可以參與充電計劃成為會員,即可在各大廣場及油站等免費為汽車充電。”

他指出,租賃汽車在外國已經成為一個趨勢,預計也將發生在大馬。尤其是使用電動車,可以省卻75%燃油成本,也更環保,更不必費心5年后要賣出舊車時的煩惱。

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #33 on: February 14, 2017, 04:27:20 PM »



Electric vehicles can 'fill up' for free at two BHPetrol kiosks
 0 comments      Azizul Ahmad, Bernama     Published Today 3:47 pm     Updated Today 4:01 pm

Azizul Ahmad, Bernama
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Electric vehicles (EV) can now "fill up" at two Boustead Petroleum Marketing Sdn Bhd (BHPetrol) service stations in the Klang Valley for free.

The two BHPetrol kiosks providing the EV charging points are located at Kg Sungai Kayu Ara in Petaling Jaya and Sungai Besi Harmony (after the southbound toll plaza towards Seremban).

BHPetrol is considering installing more EV charging stations at key locations this year.

BHPetrol managing director Tan Kim Thiam hopes the effort would enhance the company brand appeal among EV owners by helping them benefit from the convenience.

He said the company would install EV charging points at more BHPetrol service stations in the future to cater to the demand.

"More EV charging stations will be introduced this year, most likely near to the highways, such as in Pagoh (Johor), Tapah (Perak), Sungai Dua (Penang), and Karak and Bentong (Pahang), to assist EV owners for emergency charging.

"We are still studying how the trend is. We think the timing is probably right at this moment to introduce this service," he told Bernama.

Tan said for this project, BHPetrol was collaborating with First Energy Networks Sdn Bhd, a fully-owned subsidiary of Tan Chong Group (TCG), which provided the EV charging infrastructure and system.

Besides Nissan Leaf, distributed by TCG, the BHPetrol's EV charging station equipped with 22kW Fast Charger also caters to other EV brands and models such as Renault Zoe, Renault Twizy, Volvo XC90 and BMW i8, as demonstrated during the launching event held at BHPetrol at Kg Sungai Kayu Ara in Petaling Jaya today.

Tan said BHPetrol Group, which has 360 service stations throughout Peninsular Malaysia, has set aside RM50 million for capital expenditure this year, to add 10 to 15 more stations in the country.


Meanwhile, TCG director Nicholas Tan Chye Seng said the cost of building the two EV charging systems was RM80,000.

"We want to encourage more people to drive EVs. Monetisation at this moment is quite difficult. Our aim is first to improve the adoptions," he said.

In the quest to spur transition to EVs, he said TCG might introduce an App for an interactive map to make it easier for customers to locate the EV charging stations.

"We are having a non-exclusive arrangement with BHPetrol which means we can work with others as well," he added.

- Bernama



Read more: https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/372405#ixzz4Ye4UXaD0

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #34 on: February 28, 2017, 12:23:04 PM »



Tuesday, 28 February 2017 | MYT 11:03 AM
Merkel discussed China's electro-cars plan with prime minister Li

image: http://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/online/2017/02/28/03/07/merkel.ashx/?w=620&h=413&crop=1&hash=87E103BDF70961BAF5BA8C93D695CDD750C515A2

In sync: Germany supports China's plan to put more electric cars on its roads. —  Reuters
In sync: Germany supports China's plan to put more electric cars on its roads. — Reuters
 
BERLIN: German Chancellor Angela Merkel discussed China's plan to set quotas for the number of electric cars it wants on its roads in the future in a phone call with Prime Minister Li Keqiang, a government spokesman said on Monday

"The federal chancellor had a phone call with Prime Minister Li Keqiang, it was a confidential phone call and I can give no details," Steffen Seibert told a regular government news conference in Berlin.

He added that Germany supported China's plan to put more electric cars on its roads as long as the drive was not discriminatory against foreign carmakers.

Germany's Handelsblatt business daily reported at the weekend that China would soften its stance on electric cars after a phone call between Merkel and Li. It said German carmakers were opposed to the scale and pace of the plan. —  Reuters

Read more at http://www.thestar.com.my/tech/tech-news/2017/02/28/merkel-discussed-chinas-electro-cars-plan-with-prime-minister-li/#qrmpk9zj52KY8fAd.99

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #35 on: March 09, 2017, 01:53:03 PM »



国油66油站设充电站
电动汽车可走更远!
391点看 2017年3月9日
 170309btkka7_600x315

(沙登9日讯)电动汽车车主现今可走更远了!


国油(Petronas)今天率先在国油油站设立电动汽车充电站,名“chargEV” ,让车主能够在油站内充电,以行走得更远。

能源,绿色工艺及水务部长拿督斯里麦西蒙博士受邀在国油首个设在沙登山庄的充电站掀开序幕。

这是能源部属下的大马绿色科技机构(GreenTech)与国油透过备忘录达成的一项合作计划。

在上述备忘录下,绿色科技机构与国油也将合作在大马半岛主要大道的66间国油油站,建造电动汽车充电站。

国油贸易(Petronas Dagangan Bhd)总执行长依布拉欣努丁说,在国油油站充电是免费的,以鼓励大马人选用更环保的电动汽车。

他在致词时说,车主在充电时,也可使用国油提供的休闲服务。

170309btkka47

国油油站在以下油站提供电动汽车充电站:

1.沙登山庄国油油站

2.博特拉山庄国油油站

3.白沙罗新巴生谷大道国油油站

4.武吉日落洞宜力大道国油油站

5.梳邦巴生谷大道国油油站

6.莎阿南大道东部国油油站

7.莎阿南大道西部国油油站

8.云顶森芭国油油站

9.爱极乐往南方面国油油站

10.联邦大道峇都知甲国油油站


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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #36 on: March 09, 2017, 02:02:50 PM »



Thursday, 9 March 2017 | MYT 1:21 PM
PetDag allocates RM2.2mil for ChargEV points
image: http://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/online/2016/10/30/01/13/petronasngvreuters.ashx/?w=620&h=413&crop=1&hash=954E5C1D3188EC7283688C386EF76EB450C1AD37

 
SERDANG: Petronas Dagangan Bhd (PetDag) has allocated RM2.2mil to install electric car charging station, ChargEV, in 66 stations along the major highways this year.

Its chief executive officer, Mohd Ibrahimnuddin Mohd Yunus, said these were in addition to 10 Petronas stations it had already installed with the ChargEV stations.

“We will install one charging facility first before expanding it based on demand,” he told reporters after the launch of ChargEV facility at Petronas Solaris station here today.

Read more at http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2017/03/09/petdag-allocates-rm2-2mil-for-chargev-points/#eid8XmLzjLMj5BTd.99

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #37 on: March 10, 2017, 08:43:14 AM »



Friday, 10 March 2017
Petronas aims to set up to 66 charging station
BY RIZAL JOHAN

image: http://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/online/2017/03/09/18/46/bizd_pg6_march10_ky_1.ashx/?w=620&h=413&crop=1&hash=EE06B0FF4C84727ED79A8A91BE0043136FBED376
Clean and green: (from left) GreenTech Malaysia CEO Ahmad Hadri Haris, Ibrahimnuddin and Maximus at the launch of the first ChargEV station. It will cost RM2.2mil to install the charging units at all 66 Petronas stations.
Clean and green: (from left) GreenTech Malaysia CEO Ahmad Hadri Haris, Ibrahimnuddin and Maximus at the launch of the first ChargEV station. It will cost RM2.2mil to install the charging units at all 66 Petronas stations.
 
SERDANG: Electric vehicle (EV) and plug-in electric vehicle (PHEV) owners can now charge their cars for free at 10 Petronas service stations in Peninsular Malaysia.

The announcement was made during the launch of the first ChargEV station at the Petronas Solaris station by Energy, Green Technology and Water Minister Datuk Seri Dr Maximus Ongkili here.

Petronas’ marketing arm Petronas Dagangan Bhd signed the Memorandum of Understanding with Malaysian Green Technology Corp (GreenTech Malaysia), an agency under the Energy, Green Technology and Water Ministry, at the 7th International Greentech and Eco Products Exhibition and Conference Malaysia last year.

Petronas will install 66 electric charging stations nationwide by the end of this year as part of the Government’s effort to turn Malaysia into an EV hub.

“We are proud to be part of the Government’s plan to reduce the carbon footprint with the availability of the ChargEV stations.

“Ten Petronas stations are already equipped with the charging station and 56 more will follow suit by the end of the year.

“These stations will be located at Petronas stations along major highways in the country,” said Petronas Dagangan Bhd managing director and chief executive officer Mohd Ibrahimnuddin Mohd Yunus.

He told the press conference that it cost RM2.2mil to install the ChargEV units at all 66 Petronas stations.

“I have to thank GreenTech Malaysia because the installation cost will be borne by them,” said Ibrahimnuddin.

Other Petronas stations with ChargEV facilities are located at Solaris Putra, NKVE Damansara, Elite Bukit Jelutong, NKVE Subang, Kesas Timur, Kesas Barat, Genting Sempah, Ayer Keroh Arah Selatan and Federal Highway Batu Tiga.

Earlier, Ongkili said to-date, there were 1,200 electric buses, cars, motorcycles and bicyles.

“Although the number is small, the Government is confident with a conductive policy coupled with technological advancement, the electric vehicle industry would be able to assit the development of such vehicles in Malaysia,” he pointed out.

The Government has targeted to set up 25,000 charging points, nationwide, by 2030.

There are 155 ChargEV points and this number will be increased to 300 by year-end


Read more at http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2017/03/10/charge-your-ev-at-petronas-petronas-aims-to-set-up-66-charging-stations/#w5AvbT8gsL6kGXJT.99

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #38 on: March 13, 2017, 06:57:31 AM »



Monday, 13 March 2017 | MYT 6:00 AM
Do carmakers need to recharge their enthusiasm about electrification?

image: http://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/online/2017/03/10/06/31/itril.ashx/?w=620&h=413&crop=1&hash=34DB340F54A50346676F3C493618B4194F0C6935

Future car?: The i-TRIL is a concept to meet tranportation needs in 2030. —  AFP Relaxnews
Future car?: The i-TRIL is a concept to meet tranportation needs in 2030. — AFP Relaxnews
 
A car that is powered by electricity – whether stored in a battery or created on demand via hydrogen reacting with oxygen – will be the bedrock of individual mobility in the near future. Yet despite a discernible buzz around the technologies and their possibilities that permeated last year's event, the 2017 Geneva Motor Show was more a forum for discussion than demonstration, from the established manufacturers, at least.

Toyota unveiled the i-TRIL, a side-to-side tilting urban run-around that seats three in a triangular formation and will probably offer a driving experience akin to racing in MotoGP, but the car is just a concept and has been designed to answer urban transportation needs in 2030.

Likewise, VW introduced us to the Sedric, an autonomous pod that can transport four but not until battery and autonomous car technologies are suitably mature. "The future of mobility is vibrant, colourful and fascinating. With Sedric we are looking far ahead – [this concept car] study demonstrates how a new, integrated mobility system of the future could function," said VW group CEO, Matthias Müller.

But back in 2017, the talk was more about hybrids than full electrification. Honda's European president and COO, Katsushi Inoue used the show to outline the company's "Electric Vision" which will include electrifying 66% of its car range in Europe by 2025. "We will leverage Honda's global R&D resources to accelerate the introduction of a full portfolio of advanced, electrified powertrains for the European customer," he said. However, none of these electrified cars were present; the first model, which will be a hybrid, isn't due until 2018.

That incidentally, is when the first plug-in Bentleys will arrive. CEO Wolfgang Dürheimer noted that while it's still assessing customer appetite for a full electric car, a hybrid Bentayga is just 12 months away.

And it was a similar story among the premium German marques who all see electrification as the future but are planning to arrive there via hybrids.

Porsche is using batteries to make its luxurious Panamera fastback as quick off the mark as a supercar while it gets ready to launch its first full electric car towards the end of the decade.

BMW launched yet another car – the 5 Series Touring – that comes with a hybrid option focused on boosting fuel economy. "We sell more plug-in hybrid vehicles than anyone else in the premium segment," said Dr. Ian Robertson, BMW's global head of sales.

Company chairman Harald Krüger also announced that "This year, we want to deliver 100,000 electrified cars to customers worldwide." And while that's a noble goal, during its press conference, BMW revealed that it it's been averaging over 100,000 unit sales every year of the latest 4 Series which isn't available with anything other than a straight gasoline or diesel engine. In other words, despite potential benefits, the technology is a potentially harder sell, especially for marques that represent 'fun' driving.

Therefore, Renault's concept was the perfect antidote to all of this seriousness and a reminder that soon there will be an electric car that suits every driver's tastes and needs. "The brief for the Renault Zoe e-sport concept couldn't have been simpler: ‘have fun!'" said Stéphane Janin, Director, Concept Car Design of the two-seat race-car take on the French manufacturer's usually earnest electric city car.

Inspired by the company's Formula E Championship racecar, this particular Zoe has 460hp on tap and 640Nm of torque and because it's built from carbon fiber and Kevlar it's just 1400kg including batteries, meaning it can go from 0-100km/h in 3.2 seconds.

"At Renault, we believe that electric cars are capable of addressing the needs of all types of customers, with the emphasis on driving enjoyment," said Éric Feunteun, Director, Electric Vehicle Programme. —  AFP Relaxnews


Read more at http://www.thestar.com.my/tech/tech-news/2017/03/13/do-carmakers-need-to-recharge-their-enthusiasm-about-electrification/#BvUePqQMItBIRgKX.99

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #39 on: April 16, 2017, 01:30:41 PM »



锂电池产能达全球六成
中国将称霸世界电动车市场
417点看 2017年4月16日
(伦敦15日讯)中国不久后会成为世界主要的中国电动车和西方品牌的电动车的生产基地,越来越多的汽车制造商,制定了在中国市场发展电动车的战略。

英国广播公司引述英国基准矿业情报总经理西蒙·摩尔斯说,虽然超大型锂电池工厂始于特斯拉,但是中国的锂电池生产巨头如比亚迪,新能源(ATL)和力神新建工厂的70%都位于中国。


他还说,日本和韩国的制造商,也在中国建造超巨型工厂。

根据英国基准矿业情报说,中国的锂电池工厂的产量目前是16.4 GWh,到2020年总产量将达到107.5 GWh,占全世界62%。

对电动汽车需求增加,政府加强了对节能灯要求以及其他因素都促进了锂电池市场的发展。

福特汽车计划在2025年前将由电动功能的汽车的70%移往中国。

特斯拉2016年70亿美元的销售当中的10亿美元在中国实现。

福士韦根的新型I.D.电动车的设计初衷就是考虑了中国的市场,计划在2025年前每年争取在中国的电动车销量达到100万。

中国电动车制造商比亚迪也在向美国客户出售电动巴士和电动卡车,受到美国投资人巴菲特和巴郡的鼎力支持。

汽车业分析,中国富余人口和城市人口比例扩大,促成电动车市场发展。

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #40 on: April 23, 2017, 08:06:25 PM »



China’s quota threat charges up electric car market
AFP | April 23, 2017
China has offered incentives for EV purchases to help fight chronic air pollution, but has begun scaling back those inducements this year, causing sales to stumble.
electric-carSHANGHAI: China’s electric-car market is already the world’s biggest, but a government proposal to introduce “new energy” vehicle quotas for automakers is further charging it up.
With the threat of the measure looming, major manufacturers at the annual auto show in Shanghai are announcing big plans to boost their electric vehicle (EV) offerings in China.
Volvo has confirmed it will introduce its first 100-percent electric car in China in 2019, while Ford will market its first hybrid vehicle in early 2018 and envisions 70 percent of all Ford cars available in China will have electric options by 2025.
Industry players say the push could have a profound impact on the green-car sector, as resulting economies of scale bring down the costs of producing and buying such cars.
Chinese sales of “new energy” vehicles jumped 53 percent last year to 507,000 units, fuelled by government incentives.
Overall, a world-leading 24.38 million passenger cars were sold in China in 2016.
“Right now, the (EV) market has been driven by regulatory and government (subsidies),” admitted David Schoch, Ford’s Asia-Pacific president.
“But we do believe that in the very near term, as we scale up more batteries, the cost will come down.”
China has offered incentives for EV purchases to help fight chronic air pollution, but has begun scaling back those inducements this year, causing sales to stumble.
Instead, the government intends to force the hand of manufacturers.
A proposal published in September could require “green” vehicle production quotas as early as 2018, under a complex system of earned credits.
Gearing up

Market leader Volkswagen sold four million cars in China in 2016 but only a few hundred were “green”. The German manufacturer now plans to begin production of an electric car in China next year, in a joint venture with Chinese group JAC.
VW expects to sell around 400,000 new-energy vehicles in China in 2020, said Jochem Heizmann, CEO of Volkswagen China.
The quota plans have brought some pushback, with German Chancellor Angela Merkel lobbying Chinese Premier Li Keqiang over the issue.
Chinese Industry Minister Miao Wei said in March that a reduction or deferral of the quotas was possible.
But automakers plan to get ready.
“We are fully, with all forces, working to be able to fulfil this quota system already next year,” Heizmann said.
General Motors says it plans to launch at least 10 new energy vehicles in China, targeting 150,000 in annual sales by 2020.
“We have a pipeline … that is going to put us in a very good position from a fuel-economy requirement perspective” that will enable GM to meet any EV rules, said Matt Tsien, head of GM China.
Irreversible trend
The Chinese market is dominated by local manufacturers including sector pioneer BYD, which sold 96,000 EVs last year.
Despite the reduced subsidies, “the trend of electrification is irreversible,” said BYD president Wang Chuanfu.
“We have reached the point where (economies of scale) in production will allow for more affordable prices,” he said.
Most electric cars in China already sell for less than 250,000 yuan ($36,000) before subsidies, but they are typically models with a limited range.
“The market above 250,000 doesn’t really exist yet,” said Hubertus Troska, president of Mercedes China.
This has not stopped start-ups from challenging Tesla Motors in the limited niche for high-end EVs.
They include Qiantu, whose 700,000 yuan sports model will be marketed soon; Chehejia, founded by an entrepreneur dubbed the “Chinese Elon Musk”; and Nio, a brand by Chinese electric-car maker NextEV that has received investment from deep-pocketed Chinese IT giants Tencent and Lenovo.
“We feel that now in China, first- and second-tier cities have this need (for premium electric cars), but it is yet to be satisfied,” NextEV founder William Li told AFP, while also promising an electric car for the US market in 2020.

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #41 on: May 08, 2017, 03:59:29 PM »



Monday, 8 May 2017 | MYT 3:16 PM
India's green car plan prioritises electric vehicles over hybrids

image: http://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/online/2017/05/08/07/32/mah.ashx/?w=620&h=413&crop=1&hash=37B2329D8E324ADF98FCA398278E542E95BF41E6

The report's focus solely on electric vehicles marks a shift away from the current policy that incentivises both hybrid vehicles – which combine fossil fuel and electric power – and electric car. Pictured is the Mahindra e2o electric car. — Reuters
The report's focus solely on electric vehicles marks a shift away from the current policy that incentivises both hybrid vehicles – which combine fossil fuel and electric power – and electric car. Pictured is the Mahindra e2o electric car. — Reuters
 
NEW DELHI: India's most influential government think-tank has recommended lowering taxes and interest rates for loans on electric vehicles, while capping sales of conventional cars, signalling a dramatic shift in policy in one of the world's fastest growing auto markets.

A draft of the 90-page blueprint, seen by Reuters, also suggests the government opens a battery plant by the end of 2018 and uses tax revenues from the sale of petrol and diesel vehicles to set up charging stations for electric vehicles.

The recommendations in a draft report by Niti Aayog, the planning body headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, are aimed at electrifying all vehicles in the country by 2032 and will likely shape a new mobility policy, said government and industry sources.

The report's focus solely on electric vehicles marks a shift away from the current policy that incentivises both hybrid vehicles – which combine fossil fuel and electric power – and electric cars, and is worrying some automakers.

"India's potential to create a new mobility paradigm that is shared, electric and connected could have a significant impact domestically and globally," said a draft version of the report, titled Transformative Mobility Solutions for India, which will be made public this week.

India's plan to leapfrog hybrid technology comes after China announced aggressive measures last year to push sales of plug-in vehicles including subsidies, research funding and rules designed to discourage fossil-fuel cars in big cities.

It would also mark a radical response by India as it looks to cut its oil import bill to half by 2030 and reduce emissions as part of its commitment to the Paris climate treaty.

Officials acknowledge the blueprint faces challenges. High battery costs would push up car prices and a lack of charging stations and other infrastructure means car makers, who have been consulted on the proposals ahead of publication, would hesitate to make the necessary investment in the technology.

"If we accelerate electric vehicle growth it will be a disruption for the auto sector and would require investment, but if we're not able to adapt quickly we risk being net importers of batteries," said a government source involved in the plans. "There has been resistance from car makers."

India's top-selling carmaker Maruti Suzuki has invested in so-called mild-hybrid technology, which makes less use of electric power than full hybrids, while Toyota Motor Corp sells its luxury hybrid Camry sedan in the country.

Mahindra & Mahindra is the only manufacturer of electric vehicles in India.

Shift in policy

India, in 2015, launched a scheme called Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles under which it offered incentives for clean fuel technology cars to boost their sales to up to seven million vehicles by 2020.

Despite incentives as high as 140,000 rupees (RM9,425) on some cars the scheme has made little progress, with the sales of electric and hybrid cars making up only a fraction of the three million passenger vehicles sold in India in 2016.

The scheme, which expired on March 31, has now been extended by six months while future policy is worked out, two government officials said. Lack of clarity on policy risks delaying investment in the auto sector, one official added.

The new Niti Aayog report, co-produced with US consultancy Rocky Mountain Institute, outlines a 15-year plan, broken into three phases starting in 2017.

"Limit registration of conventional vehicles through public lotteries and complement that with preferential registration for electric vehicles, similar to that in China," the report said, in one of its most radical proposals.

To kick-start the shift, the report suggests bulk procurement of electric vehicles, building standardised, swappable batteries for two- and three-wheelers to bring down their cost and having favourable tariff structures for charging cars.

"Prioritise battery and charging infrastructure development," the report states, while setting a 2018 goal for setting up a 250 megawatt per hour battery plant with an aim to reach one gigawatt of production by 2020.

It also recommends setting up battery swapping stations by 2018, common manufacturing facilities for components and increasing subsidies on all battery electric vehicles to bring them to cost parity with conventional models by 2025.

Other suggestions in the blueprint include incentivising the use of electric cars as taxis by lowering taxes, interest rates on loans for purchases and electricity tariffs for fleet operators, and lowering duties on makers of such fleet cars.

Puneet Gupta, South Asia manager at consultant IHS Markit, said the government would need to lead the change with generous incentives to achieve its goal.

"This is one of the most radical changes the government is talking about," said Gupta. "All cars being electric is a distant dream."  — Reuters


Read more at http://www.thestar.com.my/tech/tech-news/2017/05/08/indias-green-car-plan-prioritises-electric-vehicles-over-hybrids/#SPxsk05JWxt6QtbJ.99

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #42 on: May 21, 2017, 06:40:33 AM »



Stanford study says fossil-fueled cars will vanish in 8 years as ‘big oil’ collapses
3 days ago  under automotive, Electric Cars, Green Transportation, News1
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 by Amanda Froelich
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A new study published by Stanford University suggests that fossil-fueled cars will vanish within eight years – and citizens will have no choice but to invest in electric vehicles or similar technologies. This is because the cost of electric vehicles – including cars, buses, and trucks – will ultimately decrease, resulting in the collapse of the petroleum industry.




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Stanford University, Prof Seba, Electric Vehicles, Big Oil, Petroleum
Led by Stanford University economist Tony Seba, the report has caused spasms of anxiety within the oil industry. Entitled “Rethinking Transportation 2020-2030,” it details how people will ultimately switch to self-driving electric vehicles, as they are ten times cheaper to maintain than cars that run on fossil fuels and have a near-zero marginal cost of fuel. Additionally, EVs have an expected lifespan of 1 million miles. In comparison, most fossil-based cars barely last 200,000 miles.

Seba predicts that in less than a decade, it will become very difficult for consumers to find petrol stations, spares or mechanics knowledgeable enough to fix combustion engines. His ultimate premise is that modern-day car dealerships will disappear by 2024 as the long-term price of oil falls to $25 USD a barrel. Those who cling to their outdated cars will probably have to pay to dispose of them in the future, says Seba. In the author’s own words, there will be a “mass stranding of existing vehicles.”

Stanford University, Prof Seba, Electric Vehicles, Big Oil, Petroleum

Related: Iceland’s “Thor” volcano power plant can generate 10X more energy than oil or gas wells

The Sanford researcher is also confident that within the next decade, humans will predominantly rely on self-driving vehicles as they are significantly less dangerous.

“We are on the cusp of one of the fastest, deepest, most consequential disruptions of transportation in history,” said Seba. “Internal combustion engine vehicles will enter a vicious cycle of increasing costs. What the cost curve says is that by 2025 all new vehicles will be electric, all new buses, all new cars, all new tractors, all new vans, anything that moves on wheels will be electric, globally.”

The Professor estimates that the “tipping point” will occur in the next two to three years when EV batteries surpass 200 miles and electric car prices plummet to $30,000 USD. By 2022, the low-end models will be sold for as low as $20,000. Following that, it will be the death of big oil.

+ Stanford

Via Financial Post

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #43 on: May 31, 2017, 07:04:34 AM »



Malaysians Must Know the TRUTH
TUESDAY, MAY 30, 2017

Petrol cars will vanish in 8 years, says US report from Stanford economist
Image result for end of the oil age.

From a few years ago I have been warning about the end of the oil age.
But I had a longer term view of 2020 and thereafter.

Since our gomen derives 30% of its revenue from Petronas the implications are obvious.

Who would have guessed that (in 2014) the Saudis would begin their pissing contest with shale oil. So far they have lost the pissing contest.

Oil prices have gone from over US115 per barrel (June 2014) to yesterday's below US$50 per barrel. And shale oil is here to stay. 

Now here is a research based article written by Professor Tony Seba, an economist from Stanford University in California. This guy says that petrol cars will be extinct in just another eight years.

He is tracking developments in battery technology for electric vehicles. The battery technology has reached the "tipping point" of exceeding 200 miles (this is US ok) on one charge. Plus the costs of EVs (electric vehicles) is also reaching the tipping point of going below US30,000 per vehicle.

Prof Seba says these two "tipping points" will combine in a perfect storm and create a massive explosion in EV production. Tesla for example is giving an "unlimited mileage warranty" on its Tesla s because the EV has only 18 moving parts. Service and maintenance costs will be almost zero.

Here is the article in full:

 
"A Tesla Model S, which has 18 moving parts, one hundred times fewer than a combustion engine car. "Maintenance is essentially zero," says Stanford University economist Tony Seba. "That is why Tesla is offering infinite-mile warranties. You can drive it to the moon and back and they will still warranty it."

No more petrol or diesel cars, buses, or trucks will be sold anywhere in the world within eight years.

The entire market for land transport will switch to electrification, leading to a collapse of oil prices and the demise of the petroleum industry as we have known it for a century.
 
This is the futuristic forecast by Stanford University economist Tony Seba. The professor's report, with the deceptively bland title Rethinking Transportation 2020-2030, has gone viral in green circles and is causing spasms of anxiety in the established industries.

Mr Seba's premise is that people will stop driving altogether. They will switch en masse to self-drive electric vehicles (EVs) that are 10 times cheaper to run than fossil-based cars, with a near-zero marginal cost of fuel and an expected lifespan of 1 million miles (1.6 million kilometres).

Only nostalgics will cling to the old habit of car ownership. The rest will adapt to vehicles on demand. It will become harder to find a petrol station, spares, or anybody to fix the 2000 moving parts that bedevil the internal combustion engine. Dealers will disappear by 2024.

Cities will ban human drivers once the data confirms how dangerous they can be behind a wheel. This will spread to suburbs, and then beyond. There will be a "mass stranding of existing vehicles". The value of second-hard cars will plunge. You will have to pay to dispose of your old vehicle.

It is a twin "death spiral" for big oil and big autos, with ugly implications for some big companies on the London Stock Exchange unless they adapt in time.

The long-term price of crude will fall to $US25 a barrel. Most forms of shale and deep-water drilling will no longer be viable. Assets will be stranded. Scotland will forfeit any North Sea bonanza. Russia, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, and Venezuela will be in trouble.

It is an existential threat to Ford, General Motors, and the German car industry. They will face a choice between manufacturing EVs in a brutal low-profit market, or reinventing themselves a self-drive service companies, variants of Uber and Lyft.

They are in the wrong business. The next generation of cars will be "computers on wheels". Google, Apple, and Foxconn have the disruptive edge, and are going in for the kill. Silicon Valley is where the auto action is, not Detroit, Wolfsburg, or Toyota City.

The shift, according to Mr Seba, is driven by technology, not climate policies. Market forces are bringing it about with a speed and ferocity that governments could never hope to achieve.

"We are on the cusp of one of the fastest, deepest, most consequential disruptions of transportation in history," Mr Seba said. "Internal combustion engine vehicles will enter a vicious cycle of increasing costs."

The "tipping point" will arrive over the next two to three years as EV battery ranges surpass 200 miles and electric car prices in the US drop to $US30,000 . By 2022, the low-end models will be down to $US20,000. After that, the avalanche will sweep all before it.

"What the cost curve says is that by 2025 all new vehicles will be electric, all new buses, all new cars, all new tractors, all new vans, anything that moves on wheels will be electric, globally," Mr Seba said.

"Global oil demand will peak at 100 million barrels per day by 2020, dropping to 70 million by 2030." There will be oil demand for use in the chemical industries, and for aviation, though Nasa and Boeing are working on hybrid-electric aircraft for short-haul passenger flights.

Mr Seba said the residual stock of fossil-based vehicles will take time to clear, but 95 per cent of the miles driven by 2030 in the US will be in autonomous EVs for reasons of costs, convenience, and efficiency. Oil use for road transport will crash from 8 million barrels a day to 1 million.

Insurance costs to fall by 90 per cent
The cost per mile for EVs will be 6.8 cents, rendering petrol cars obsolete.
Insurance costs will fall by 90 per cent.
The average American household will save $US5600 per year by making the switch.
The US government will lose $50 billion a year in fuel taxes.
Britain's exchequer will be hit at the same rate.
"Our research and modelling indicate that the $10 trillion annual revenues in the existing vehicle and oil supply chains will shrink dramatically," Mr Seba said.

"Certain high-cost countries, companies, and fields will see their oil production entirely wiped out. Exxon-Mobil, Shell and BP could see 40 per cent to 50 per cent of their assets become stranded," the report said.

These are all large claims, though familiar to those on the cutting edge of energy technology. While the professor's timing may be off by a few years, there is little doubt about the general direction.

India is drawing up plans to phase out all petrol and diesel cars by 2032, leap-frogging China in an electrification race across Asia. The brains trust of Prime Minister Narendra Modi has called for a mix of subsidies, car-pooling, and caps on fossil-based cars. The goal is to cut pollution and break reliance on imported oil, but markets will pick up the baton quickly once the process starts.

China is moving in parallel, pushing for 7 million electric vehicles by 2025, enforced by a minimum quota for "new energy" vehicles that shifts the burden for the switch onto manufacturers.

"The trend is irreversible," said Wang Chuanfu, head of the Chinese electric car producer BYD, backed by Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway.

At the same time, global shipping rules are clamping down on dirty high-sulphur oil used in the cargo trade, a move that may lead to widespread use of liquefied natural gas for ship fuel.

This is all happening much faster than Saudi Arabia and Opec had assumed. The cartel's World Oil Outlook last year dismissed electric vehicles as a fringe curiosity that would make little difference to ever-rising global demand for oil.

It predicted a jump in crude consumption by a further 16.4 million barrels a day to 109 million by 2040, with India increasingly taking over from China as growing market. The cartel said fossils will still make up 77 per cent of global energy use, much like today. It implicitly treated the Paris agreement on climate targets as empty rhetoric.

Whether Opec believes its own claims is doubtful. Saudi Arabia's actions suggest otherwise. The kingdom is hedging its bets by selling off chunks of the state oil giant Saudi Aramco to fund diversification away from oil.

Opec, Russia, and the oil-exporting states are now caught in a squeeze and will probably be forced to extend output caps into 2018 to stop prices falling. Shale fracking in the US is now so efficient, and rebounding so fast, that it may cap oil prices in a range of $US45 to $US55 until the end of the decade. By then the historic window will be closing.

Experts will argue over Mr Seba's claims. His broad point is that multiple technological trends are combining in a perfect storm. The simplicity of the EV model is breath-taking. The Tesla S has 18 moving parts, one hundred times fewer than a combustion engine car. "Maintenance is essentially zero. That is why Tesla is offering infinite-mile warranties. You can drive it to the moon and back and they will still warranty it," Mr Seba said.

Self-drive "vehicles on demand" will be running at much higher levels of daily use than today's cars and will last for 500,000 to 1 million miles each.

It has long been known that EVs are four times more efficient than petrol or diesel cars, which lose 80 per cent of their power in heat. What changes the equation is the advent of EV models with the acceleration and performance of a Lamborghini costing five or 10 times less to buy, and at least 10 times less to run.

"The electric drive-train is so much more powerful. The gasoline and diesel cars cannot possibly compete," Mr Seba said. The parallel is what happened to film cameras - and to Kodak - once digital rivals hit the market. It was swift and brutal. "You can't compete with zero marginal costs," he said.

The effect is not confined to cars. Trucks will switch in tandem. Over 70 per cent of US haulage routes are already within battery range, and batteries are getting better each year.

EVs will increase US electricity demand by 18 per cent, but that does not imply the need for more capacity. They will draw power at times of peak supply and release it during peak demand. They are themselves a storage reservoir, helping to smooth the effects of intermittent solar and wind, and to absorb excess base-load from power plants.

Mark Carney, the Governor of the Bank England and chairman of Basel's Financial Stability Board, has repeatedly warned that fossil energy companies are booking assets that can never be burnt under the Paris agreement.

He pointed out last year that it took only a small shift in global demand for coal to bankrupt three of the four largest coal-mining companies in short order.

Other seemingly entrenched sectors could be just as vulnerable. He warned of a "Minsky moment", if we do not prepare in time, where the energy revolution moves so fast that it precipitates a global financial crisis.

The crunch may be coming even sooner than he thought. The Basel Board may have to add the car industry to the mix. There will be losers. Whole countries will spin into crisis.

The world's geopolitical order will be reshaped almost overnight. But humanity as a whole should enjoy an enormous welfare gain.


Conclusion :  Just follow basic laws of economics, just follow basic business practises and everything will be fine - for everyone. Besides 'Mother Nature' the most powerful forces  in the world are 'Market forces'.

You ignore market forces, you mess with market forces and you will become poor, barefooted and *.  This is the Sharia and this is the Sunnatullah.

Surah 47:38  -  Lo! ye are those who are called to spend in the way of ******, yet among you there are some who hoard. And as for him who hoards, he hoards only from his Self.  And ****** is the Rich, and ye are the poor. And if ye turn away He will exchange you for some other folk, and they will not be the likes of you.

I call this the replacement theory.  If you mess up, the system will replace you.
Posted by Syed Akbar Ali

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #44 on: June 07, 2017, 05:51:10 PM »



Business NewsHome > Business > Business News
Wednesday, 7 June 2017 | MYT 5:03 PM
Number of electric vehicles on roads reaches 2 million, says IEA
image: http://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/online/2017/06/02/14/21/electric-car-june17.ashx/?w=620&h=413&crop=1&hash=40D47DEEFF9CA35968CCABE8D3D5C1425F06B70F

 
LONDON: The number of electric vehicles on roads worldwide rose to a record high of 2 million last year, but has a long way to go to reach levels needed to help limit an increase in global temperatures, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said on Wednesday.

In 2015, the number of electric cars, including battery-electric, plug-in hybrid electric and fuel cell electric passenger light-duty vehicles, was 1 million, the IEA said in a report.

Even though that doubled last year, the global electric car stock is only 0.2 percent of the total number of passenger light-duty vehicles in circulation.

"They have a long way to go before reaching numbers capable of making a significant contribution to greenhouse gas emission reduction targets," the IEA said.

"In order to limit temperature increases to below 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century, the number of electric cars will need to reach 600 million by 2040," it added.

Research and development and mass production improvements are resulting in lower battery costs and this trend should continue, which should narrow the cost competitiveness gap between electric vehicles and internal combustion engines.

There is a "good chance" the global electric car stock could reach carmaker estimates of between 9 and 20 million by 2020 and between 40 and 70 million by 2025, the report said.

The electric car market is still concentrated in a limited number of countries. Globally, 95 percent of electric car sales are taking place in just ten countries - China, the United States, Japan, Canada, Norway, Britain, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden.

Last year, China overtook the United States as the country with the largest electric car stock, with around a third of the global total, the report said.

Even though battery costs have fallen since 2009, they are still a major component of cost and drive up retail prices.

Therefore, financial incentives such as rebates, tax breaks or exemptions are important to support electric car deployment, but they might need to be phased out when electric car costs rival those of internal combustion engines, the report said. - Reuters

TAGS / KEYWORDS:
Auto , Economy

Read more at http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2017/06/07/number-of-electric-vehicles-on-roads-reaches-2-million-says-iea/#smkJQvwDioS6Tb0L.99

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #45 on: June 10, 2017, 07:23:27 AM »





财经商业视频时事国际地产图天下副刊地方体育娱乐言论市场情报
主页 > 财经 > 国际 > 泰国致力开发电动车
泰国致力开发电动车
13点看 2017年6月10日
(曼谷9日讯)为了推动泰国4.0政策,将努力实施工业4.0,泰国汽车行业将努力开发新一代汽车,作为泰国工业发展的一项主要工作。

泰国国家汽车学会理事纳塔蓬指出,国家工业部针对电动汽车产业的发展提出XEV模式思路。


今后5年中,将会有XEV电动汽车的实际投产,出产数量会不少于10万辆,这样有助于泰国汽车年总产量达到220万辆水平,不过估计XEV电动在初投产阶段推出市场的数量还不会多。

国家汽车学会建议,政府部门应支持鼓励民间对电动力汽车投资和研发,国家工业标准办事处应在北柳府投资建设汽车和轮胎测试中心,因北柳府是国家东部经济走廊(EEC)开发覆盖的3个府治之一。

汽车和轮胎测试中心的首期投资是R117轮胎测试中心,投资预算约30多亿泰铢(约3.76亿令吉),估计今年底可完工,在2018年会投入使用。


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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #46 on: July 05, 2017, 02:06:58 PM »




image: http://clips.thestar.com.my/Themes/TSOL/images/navigation/searchIcon.png

image: http://clips.thestar.com.my/Themes/TSOL/images/thestaronline_res.png


 
Business News
Home > Business > Business News
Wednesday, 5 July 2017 | MYT 1:02 PM
Geely's Volvo to go all electric with new models from 2019

image: http://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/online/2017/07/05/05/03/volvo.ashx/?w=620&h=413&crop=1&hash=31F0D1FDBE844E3538F43E76D70D12AB263868B5
Geely-owned Volvo Car Group said on Wednesday all new models launched from 2019 will be fully electric or hybrids.
Geely-owned Volvo Car Group said on Wednesday all new models launched from 2019 will be fully electric or hybrids.
 
STOCKHOLM: Geely-owned Volvo Car Group said on Wednesday all new models launched from 2019 will be fully electric or hybrids, spelling the eventual end to nearly a century of Volvos powered solely by the internal combustion engine.

The Gothenburg-based company will continue to produce pure combustion-engine Volvos from models launched before that date, but said it would introduce cars across its model line-up that ranged from fully electric cars to plug-in hybrids.

Volvo's plans make it the first major traditional automaker to set a date for the complete phase-out of combustion-engine-only models though electrification has long been a buzzword across the industry and Elon Musk's Tesla Motors has been a pure-play battery carmaker from day one.

"This announcement marks the end of the solely combustion engine-powered car," Volvo Cars Chief Executive Hakan Samuelsson said in a statement.

Five new models set to be launched in 2019 through 2021 - three of them Volvos and two Polestar-branded - will all be fully or partially electric.

"These five cars will be supplemented by a range of petrol and diesel plug in hybrid and mild hybrid 48-volt options on all models," Volvo said.

"This means that there will in future be no Volvo cars without an electric motor."

Volvo has invested heavily in new models and plants since being bought by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group from Ford Motor Co. in 2010, establishing a niche in a premium auto market dominated by larger rivals such as Daimler's Mercedes-Benz and BMW.

Part of its strategy has also been to embrace emerging technologies which allow higher performance electric vehicles as well as, eventually, self-driving cars.

Only last month, Volvo said it would reshape its Polestar business into a standalone brand, focused on high-performance electric cars aimed at competing with Tesla and the Mercedes AMG division.

Volvo has also taken steps towards an eventual listing, raising 5 billion crowns from Swedish institutional investors through the sale of newly issued preference shares last year, though the company has said no decision on an IPO has been made. - Reuters
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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #47 on: July 05, 2017, 02:34:27 PM »
LONDON: Artificial intelligence (AI) is making its way into the global sex market, bringing with it a revolution in robotic "sextech" designed to offer sexual gratification with a near-human touch.

In a report on the growing market in sex robots, the Foundation for Responsible Robotics said rapidly advancing technologies have already led to the creation of "android love dolls" capable of performing 50 automated sexual positions.

They can be customized down to the nipple shape and ***** hair color, and can cost between $5,000 and $15,000.

The increasingly life-like robots raise complex issues that should be considered by policymakers and the public, the report said -- including whether use of such devices should be encouraged in sexual therapy clinics, for sex offenders, or for people with disabilities.

Noel Sharkey, a professor of artificial intelligence and robotics at Britain's University of Sheffield, said it was difficult to predict how far or fast the market would grow, or what its effect on societies might be in years ahead.

"Will these robotic dolls be niche? Or will they change societal norms and become widespread?," he asked at a news briefing. "How would (sex with a robot) equate to a truly human intimate relationship?"

The report looked at some of the most contentious issues, asking academics, members of the public and the sex industry for their views on whether, for example, sex robots might be helpful in reducing sexual crimes.

It found "major disagreement" on this question, with some arguing that having sex with a robot would reduce attackers' desires to harm fellow humans, and others arguing that allowing people to live out their darkest fantasies with robots would have a pernicious effect on societal norms.

On the issue of "meaningful" relationships, the report said that with current AI technology, and even in the foreseeable future, no human-to-robot feelings would ever be mutual.

"The best robots could do is 'fake it'," it said. "Robots cannot feel love." - Reuters
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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #48 on: July 26, 2017, 11:36:08 AM »




Britain to ban sale of all diesel and petrol cars and vans from 2040
Plans follow French commitment to take polluting vehicles off the road owing to effect of poor air quality on people’s health
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 The decision was hailed as the beginning of the end for the internal combustion engine’s dominance of motor transport after more than a century. Photograph: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images
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Anushka Asthana Political editor and Matthew Taylor
Tuesday 25 July 2017 22.38 BST Last modified on Wednesday 26 July 2017 02.45 BST
As part of a government strategy to improve air quality, Britain is to ban all new petrol and diesel cars and vans from 2040 amid fears that rising levels of nitrogen oxide pose a major risk to public health.

The commitment, which follows a similar pledge in France, is part of the government’s much-anticipated clean air plan, which has been at the heart of a protracted high court legal battle.

The government warned that the move, which will also take in hybrid vehicles, was needed because of the unnecessary and avoidable impact that poor air quality was having on people’s health. Ministers believe it poses the largest environment risk to public health in the UK, costing up to £2.7bn in lost productivity in one recent year.


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Ministers have been urged to introduce charges for vehicles to enter a series of “clean air zones” (CAZ). However, the government only wants taxes to be considered as a final resort amid a backlash against any move that punishes motorists.

“Poor air quality is the biggest environmental risk to public health in the UK and this government is determined to take strong action in the shortest time possible,” a government spokesman said.

“That is why we are providing councils with new funding to accelerate development of local plans, as part of an ambitious £3bn programme to clean up dirty air around our roads.”

The final plan, which was due by the end of July, comes after a draft report that environmental lawyers described as “much weaker than hoped for”.

The environment secretary, Michael Gove, will be hoping for a better reception when he publishes the final document on Wednesday following months of legal wrangling.

A briefing on parts of the plan, seen by the Guardian, repeats the heavy focus on the steps that can be taken to help councils improve air quality in specific areas where emissions have breached EU thresholds.

Measures to be urgently brought in by local authorities that have repeatedly breached EU rules include retrofitting buses and other public transport, changing road layouts and altering features such as roundabouts and speed humps.

Reprogramming traffic lights will also be included in local plans, with councils being given £255m to help accelerate their efforts. Local emissions hotspots will be required to layout their plans by March 2018 and finalise them by the end of the year. A targeted scrappage scheme is also expected to be included.

Some want the country-wide initiative to follow in the footsteps of London, which is introducing a £10 toxic “T-charge” that will be levied on up to 10,000 of the oldest, most polluting vehicles every weekday.

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 There have been calls for vehicles to be charged for entering ‘clean air zones’. Photograph: Alicia Canter for the Guardian
Sources insisted that while the idea of charges were on the table, there was no plan to force councils to introduce them, and that other measures would be exhausted first.

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They hope the centrepiece of Wednesday’s strategy to be put forward by Gove will be the plan to ban diesel and petrol sales completely by 2040, in line with Emmanuel Macron’s efforts across the Channel.

The French president took the steps to help his country meet its targets under the Paris climate accord, in an announcement that came a day after Volvo said it would only make fully electric or hybrid cars from 2019 onwards.

That decision was hailed as the beginning of the end for the internal combustion engine’s dominance of motor transport after more than a century.

Prof David Bailey, an automotive industry expert at Aston University, said: “The timescale involved here is sufficiently long term to be taken seriously. If enacted it would send a very clear signal to manufacturers and consumers of the direction of travel and may accelerate a transition to electric cars.”

Britain’s air quality package also includes £1bn in ultra-low emissions vehicles including investing nearly £100m in the UK’s charging infrastructure and funding the Plug in Car and Plug in Grant schemes.

There will also be £290m for the national productivity investment fund, which will go towards the retrofitting, and money towards low emission taxis.

The report will also include an air quality grant for councils, a green bus fund for low carbon vehicles, £1.2bn for cycling and walking and £100m to help air quality on the roads.

The strategy comes amid warnings that the UK’s high level of air pollution could be be responsible for 40,000 premature deaths a year.

A judge had said the government’s original plans on tackling the issue, which included five clean air zones, were so poor as to be unlawful. The government had been asked to present a new draft policy to tackle air pollution from diesel traffic before the election.

The government was then called to court to explain why it had made a last-minute application late last Friday to delay publication of a draft policy to tackle air pollution until after the election.

James Eadie QC, representing the government, said the policy was ready to be published but it would be controversial and should therefore be withheld until after the election.

“If you publish a draft plan, it drops all the issues of controversy into the election … like dropping a controversial bomb,” he said, adding that it could risk breaching rules about civil service neutrality and lead to the policy being labelled a Tory plan.

However, judges said the government did have to publish a draft plan with the final version needed by the end of July.

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 Michael Gove will publish the document on Wednesday. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA
May’s draft contained few concrete proposals and did not specify the cities and towns where polluting vehicles might face charges, the level of any charges or the scope or value of any scrappage scheme.

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Instead, the plan puts the onus for action on local authorities: “Local authorities are already responsible for improving air quality in their area, but will now be expected to develop new and creative solutions to reduce emissions as quickly as possible, while avoiding undue impact on the motorist.”

Analysis in the documents showed increasing the number of CAZs from the current six planned to 27 would make by far the greatest impact in cutting pollution and provide cost benefits of over £1bn. The CAZ policy would cut more than 1,000 times more NO2 than a scrappage scheme, even if that scheme required old diesels to be replaced by electric cars.

But it required local authorities to exhaust all other options before introducing CAZ charging for diesel vehicles such as removing speed bumps and retrofitting buses.

At the time Thornton said: “The plan looks much weaker than we had hoped for. The court ordered the government to take this public health issue seriously and while the government says that pollution is the largest environmental risk to public health, we will still be faced with illegal air quality for years to come under these proposals.”

The coalition government had already set out a vision for almost every car and van to be ultra-low emission by 2050 – a move which the government acknowledged would require “almost all new cars and vans sold to be near-zero emission at the tailpipe by 2040”. So it is unclear to what extent the new pledge will further boost Britain’s ability to achieve air quality requirements.

ClientEarth, the campaign group that has successfully pursued the government through the courts over the UK’s air pollution crisis, gave a cautious welcome to the announcement but said ministers must take action now to tackle the UK’s air pollution crisis.

“The government has trumpeted some promising measures with its air quality plans, but we need to see the detail,” said CEO James Thornton. “A clear policy to move people towards cleaner vehicles by banning the sale of petrol and diesel cars and vans after 2040 is welcome, as is more funding for local authorities.

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“However, the law says ministers must bring down illegal levels of air pollution as soon as possible, so any measures announced in this plan must be focused on doing that.”

London mayor Sadiq Khan has been calling for tougher measures to tackle air pollution which kills 9,000 people a year in the capital.

A City Hall source was sceptical about the government’s announcement.”We need to look at the full details but what Londoners suffering from the terrible health impacts of air pollution desperately need is a fully-funded diesel scrappage fund – and they need it right now.”

Areeba Hamid, clean air campaigner at Greenpeace, said: “The high court was clear that the government must bring down toxic air pollution in the UK in the shortest possible time. This plan is still miles away from that.
The government cannot shy away any longer from the issue of diesel cars clogging up and polluting our cities, and must now provide real solutions, not just gimmicks. That means proper clean air zones and funding to support local authorities to tackle illegal and unsafe pollution.”

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #49 on: July 28, 2017, 07:44:29 AM »




Friday, 28 July 2017 | MYT 6:00 AM
The challenges and consequences of moving to electric cars

image: http://www.thestar.com.my/~/media/online/2017/07/27/05/41/car.ashx/?w=620&h=413&crop=1&hash=ADD907AAB21027BE1ABA61CCBFD34841F75855B8

The switch to hybrid and electric cars will create 25,000 new jobs for carmakers between 2015 and 2030. — Reuters
The switch to hybrid and electric cars will create 25,000 new jobs for carmakers between 2015 and 2030. — Reuters
 
Britain will ban the sale of new petrol and diesel cars from 2040 in an attempt to reduce air pollution that could herald the end of over a century of popular use of the fossil fuel-guzzling internal combustion engine.

Following are some of the possible challenges and consequences related to the decision:

Electric/Hybrid Market share

In Europe, only 0.2% of new passenger cars sold were fully electric in 2016 (1.3% if hybrids are included).

Threat to jobs

A combustion-engine car has 1,400 components to build the motor, exhaust system and transmission. An electric vehicle’s battery and electric motor has only 200 components, according to analysts at ING.

The average combustion engine takes about 3.5 hours to make, while the average transmission requires 2.7 hours of assembly. An electric motor takes about 1 hour to assemble, according to consultants AlixPartners.

German auto industry association VDA has said a ban of combustion engined vehicles in 2030 would threaten more than 600,000 German industrial jobs, of which 436,000 are at car companies and suppliers.

In Europe, there are about 126 plants making combustion engines, employing 112,000 people (66,000 making powertrain, 46,000 making transmissions). The largest engine plant in Europe is Volkswagen's factory in Kassel.

The switch to hybrid and electric cars will create 25,000 new jobs for carmakers between 2015 and 2030, consultants Alix Partners said in their Global Automotive Outlook study for 2017.

Plug-in hybrid vehicles will help protect jobs in the short run since they combine electric and combustion engine technology. A hybrid car takes 50% more time, or up to 9 hours longer, to make than cars with only a combustion engine.

Tipping point

60% of the cost of electric cars are in the battery. Costs have been prohibitive but are falling rapidly. Average battery costs have come down from over US$1,000 (RM4,280) per kilowatt hour in 2010, to around US$227 (RM970) in 2016 ,according to analysts at Barclays.

The “tipping point” when the cost of battery electric vehicles will reach parity with combustion engined equivalents will come when batteries reach a cost of US$100 (RM428) per kilowatt hour. This will happen between 2020 and 2030, Barclays analysts say.

By 2025 the total cost of ownership between electric and combustion will reach parity (once taxes, fuel costs etc are included) – this time frame being brought forward if diesel gets higher taxation, analysts say.

As a result, Europe could become a 100% pure battery electric vehicle market by 2035, according to ING.

Investment

A key obstacle to making electric cars popular is the amount of time it takes to recharge, and a lack of charging stations.

London needs to spend €10bil (RM50.2bil) to get charging infrastructure to a level where retail buyers can practically own an electric car, AlixPartners said. Almost none of that spending has been earmarked so far.

Britain’s ban, a challenge for Germany?

In 2016, Britain was the largest single export market for German manufacturers world-wide. (Fewer cars are imported to China and US because German carmakers already have factories in those markets). They sold 800,000 new cars there, or 20% of their overall global exports. — Reuters


Read more at http://www.thestar.com.my/tech/tech-news/2017/07/28/the-challenges-and-consequences-of-moving-to-electric-cars/#ahz3GAOXdBpKwjAG.99

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Re: ELECTRIC CARS
« Reply #49 on: July 28, 2017, 07:44:29 AM »